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The History and Antiquities of 
the Parish of Bermondsey 

G. W. Phillips 



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THE 



HISTORY AND ANTIQUITIES 



OF THE 



PARISH OF BERMONDSEY. 



By G. W. PHILLIPS. 




Sntetelr at Jj^totioners' Kali. 



LONDON: 
J. UNWIN, 31, BUCKLERSBURY; 

AlTD MAY BS HAD OF 

J. AND W. ROBINS, TOOLET STREET; MADDOX, DOGKHEAD; OR AT 
163, BERMONDSEY STREET. 

1841. 



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PREFACE. 



In presenting this Work to the Inhabitants 
of Bermondsey, and the Public at large, the 
Author wishes to state that his first intention 
in writing the History of this Parish was 
merely for his own gratification; but, after 
having compiled the greater part, he was ad- 
vised to publish the same, and it is hoped that 
any inaccuracies which may occur in the 
following pages will be imputed rather to the 
multiplicity of the business in which the Author 
is engaged, and the short space of time he 
has been able to devote in collecting the ma- 
terials for the Work, than to any intentional 
carelessness in its compilation. To the in- 
telligent reader, the History of this Parish 
presents a variety of recommendations, des- 
cribing a spot of no mean repute, as having 
been honored by the occasional residence of 
some of our early English Princes; the 

a2 



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IV 



Monastery established in this locaUty claims 
more especially the attention of those inter- 
ested in the History of this Parish. With 
pleasure we take a retrospect of the earliest 
era of the Parish, when, in tracing out the 
vestiges of its Abbey, we seem as it were in 
fancy to converse with the shades of those 
who once inhabiteid it. 

The local circumstances likewise, which are 
connected with its Parochial History, cannot 
fail to be particulariy interesting; there is no 
part of English History presents attractions 
so various and manifest as this interesting 
branch of inquiry. 

In conclusion, the Author tenders his best 
thanks to those Ladies and Gentlemen who 
have so kindly interested themselves in con- 
tributing to the present Work; and, having 
sedulously consulted every accessible record 
both printed and in manuscript, he hopes it 
will give general satisfaction. 



153, Bermondsey Street, 



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INDEX. 



Page 

Abbey« The 

Abbots • 28 

Monks, Description of 29 

Anecdote of 37 

Chapels. 

Independent 99 

Roman Catholic • • 99 

Wesleyan 99 

Churches. 

Conventual Church 49 

Parish Church 63 

„ Monumental Inscriptions in, 

and in Churchyard 55 

„ Lecturers 79 

„ Rectors 77 

,, Register 80 

St. James's Chapel of Ease 86 

,, Monumental Inscriptions in, 88 

Court Leet • • ] 02 

Fendall Estate 112 

Grange, The 36 

Hospitals. 

St. Saviour's 35 

St. Thomas's 34 

Indenture between the King and the Monks of 

Bermondsey 44 

Leather Market 102 

Loyal Volunteers 85 



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VI 

Page 

Manor^ The «... 3 

Monastery. Priors of the 25 

Parish, The 

Boundary • • < r 1 

Waterside Division 103 

Paving and Lighting Acts 110 

Poor Laws 110 

Population 113 

Priory, The 

Charter 31 

Foundation 8 

Spiritualities 15 

Temporalities 10 

,, in Pope Nicholas' Valor 20 

Rood or Cross 48 

Royal Palace 47 

Schools. 

Bacon's Free School 95 

British 97 

Deaf and Dumb Asylum 97 

National and Parochial 91 

Benefactions to 92 

Sisters of Mercy, Convent of 101 

Spa 84 

St., James's District Visiting Society 102 

Trade and Manufactures 105 

Tradesmen's Tokens 108 



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LIST OF PLATES. 



South-west View of St. Mary Magdalen to face Title 

North Gate House of Bermondsey Abbey .... ,, page 8 

Ancient Houses in Long Walk „ „ Zb 

West Front of St. Mary Magdalen „ „ 53 

St. James's Chapel of Ease „ „ 86 



PROOF IMPRESSIONS 

Of the above, on India paper, may be obtained of the 
Author. 



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SUBSCRIBERS. 



The Rev. J. E. Gibson, M.A. 2 copies 
The Rev. Henry Mackenzie, M.A. 
The Rev. William Harrison, M.A. 

Abrahams, Mr., Bermondsey Square 

Austin, Mr., Abbey Street 

Axtell, Mr. John, Russel Street 

Autell, Mr. Samuel, Russel Street 

Brown, Miss, Abbey Street 

Brown, Mr. H., Mortlake, Surrey 

Bevington, Messrs., Neckinger Mills 

Bevington, Mrs., 8, Charlotte Row 

Buckler, Mr. J., IS^ Rockingham Row, New Kent Road. 

2 copies 
Blandford, Mr., Bermondsey Square 
Bargman, Mr., Fort Place 
Bowden, Mr., Long Lane 

Butterworth, Mr., Wood Street, Cheapside. 2 copies 
Biles, Mrs. 

Barton, Mr. R., Bermondsey New Road 
Butcher, Mr., St. James's Place 
Brewer, Mr., 19, Charlotte Row 
Bailey, Mr., Bermondsey Street 
Blyth, Mrs., Weasenham, Norfolk 
Castle, Mr., Bermondsey Square 
Crosby, Mr., Burdett Row, Old Kent Road 



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Crosby, Mr., Bermondsey Street 

Cross, Mr. 

Carlile, Mr.^ 11, Bow Lane, Cheapside 

Christy, Mr. John, Bermondsey Street 

Christy, Mr. Henry, Bermondsey Street 

Christy, Mr. Alfred, Bermondsey Street 

Collie, Miss, Bermondsey Square 

Clarke, Mrs., Maidenhead, Berkshire 

Cork, Mr. G., Blue Anchor Road 

Cundall, Mr., Bermondsey Street 

Devas, (W.) and Son, Lawrence Lane, Cheapside. 2 copies 

Drew, Mr. B., Bermondsey Street. 2 copies 

Drew, Mr. W., Bermondsey Street. 4 copies 

Dudin, Mr., East Hall, East Lane 

Donkin, Mr., Blue Anchor Road. 2 copies 

Debenham, Mr., Upper Clapton, Middlesex 

Davy, Mr. C, Great George Street 

Domett, Mr. Charles, Maidstone Buildings, Borough. 

3 copies 
Darnell, Mr., Grange Road 
Ewbank, Mr., Crimscott Street 
Elkington, Miss Anne, Grange Walk 
Emmett, Mr., Crimscott Street 
East, Mr., Bermondsey Street 
Farrand, Mr., Long Lane 
Fauntleroy, Mr. Charles, Russel Street 
Flockton, Mr„ Spa Road. 2 copies 
Gray, Mr., Bermondsey Street 
Groombridge, Mr., jun., St. James's, Bermondsey 
Gould, Mr., Bermondsey Street 
Garrard, Miss L., Long Lane 
Gaitskell, Mr., Bermondsey Street. 2 copies 
G. H., Chapel Place, Long Lane 
Hardwidge, Mr., Long Lane 
Harris, Mr. William, 150, Bermondsey Street 



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XI 

Harris, Mr. R., Bermondsey Street 

Hooper, Mr. E., Fort Place 

Hooper, Mr. James, Spa Road 

Harrison, Mr. J., Page's Walk 

Harrison, Mr. W., Page's Walk 

Hollands, Mr. T. J., Bartlett's Buildii^, Holborn 

Hollands, Mr. D. F., Grange Road 

Hollands, Mr. W. S., Grange Road 

Holland, Mr. S., Great George Street 

Harkness, Mr., Cbapel Place 

Hose, Mrs., Trinity Square 

Herron, Mr., Bermondsey Street 

Jones, Mr. S., Grange Walk. 2 copies 

Jones, Mr. W. H., Russel Street 

Jackson, Mr. Alfred, Bermondsey Street 

Lavender, Mr., Bermondsey Street 

Leath, Mr. 

Morrison, Dillon, and Co., Fore Street, Cri{^legate. 2 copies 

Mills, Mrs. 

Martin, Mr., Parker's Row, Dockhead 

Marshal, Mr., Upper Grange Road. 2 copies 

Miles, Miss, 3, Charlotte Row 

Mackmurdo, Mr. E. L., Great George Street 

Mackmurdo, Mr. E., Great George Street 

Monday, Mr., Bermondsey Square 

Nottidge, William, Esq., Russel Street 

Neall, Mr. J. S., Grange Road 

Newsome, Mr. William, Little Russel Street 

Norton, Mr. T., Grange Road. 2 copies 

Nyren, Mr., Great George Street 

Oliver, Mrs., 7, Jamaica Row 

Owst, Mr. R., Bermondsey Street 

Porter. Mr. G., Fort Place 

Porter, Mr., Bermondsey Street 

Pearce, Miss, East Lane 



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xu 

Phillips, Mr. H., Paragon, New Kent Road 

Phillips, Mr. B., Bermondsey Street 

Powell, Mr,, Great George Street 

Paul, Mr., Prospect Row 

Priddy, Mrs., Dockhead 

Phillipson, Mr., Cheapside 

Runnington, Mr., Bermondsey Street 

Roberts, Mr., Parker's Row 

Smith, Miss, Spa Road. 2 copies 

Smith, Miss Ann, Grange. 4 copies 

Smith, Miss L. W., Grange. 6 copies 

Smith, L. W., Friends of 

Smith, Mr., jun.. Grange Road 

Smith, Mr. T., Grange Road 

Smith, Mr. James, Botesdale, Suffolk 

Sterry, Mr. S. H., Alscot Place, Grange Road 

Sterry, Mr. H., Grange Road 

Shepperson, Mr., 27, Cheapside 

Smithers, Mr., Bermondsey New Road 

Stock, Mr., St. James's Place 

Sherman, Mr., Grange Road 

Spanton, Mr., Bermondsey Street. 2 copies 

Stephens, Mr., Old Kent Road 

Street, Mr., Streatham, Surrey 

Toswell, Mr. John, Spa Road 

Tresise, Mr. J., Great George Street 

Wood, Mrs., Bermondsey Street 

Wood, Mrs., John Street, Colchester 

Walker, Mr. J., Upper Grange Road 

Wiseman, Mr., Grange Road 

Wheeler, Mr., Grange Road 

Young, Mr., Spa Road. 2 copies 



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TOPOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 



OF 



BERMONDSEY. 



The Parish of Bermondsey is situate in the 
C!ounty of Surrey, in that part which is denomi- 
nated the eastern division of the Hundred of 
Brixton, and is one-and-a-half miles S.S.E. from 
St. Pauls Cathedral. * 

The Parish is divided into two parts, called the 
" Land-side " and the " Water-side " ; and, taking 
the commencement at Crucifix Lane in Bermond- 
sey Street, it extends eastward along the boundary 
of St. John's, Southwark, through Artillery Street, 
Church Street, and Russell Street, to St. Saviour's 
Dock, through which, northward, the course of 
the Thames as far eastward as at Dockhead ; the 
centre of West Lane, which divides it from Rother- 
hithe, thenee along the centre of Blue Anchor 
Lane and a Manor Way called Galley Wall, which 
divides it from Camberwell Parish as far as the 
Upper Grange Road ; from thence along the rear 
of the houses in the Old Kent Road and Kent 
Street, forming the boundary of Saint George the 

' Carlisle's Topographical Dictionary. 
B 



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Martyr, Southwark, as far as Long Lane, and 
from thence into Snow's Fields, along the boun- 
dary of St, Saviour s and St Oiave s Parish. 

In 1641 it was computed to contain 514 acres 
of land, a considerable portion of which has sfnce 
been built upon ; of the remainder the greater part 
is let to market gardeners ; there is no corn land. 
The title of this district is usually supposed to be 
derived from some Saxon proprietor of the name 
of Beormund, the termination ea or eye, which in 
that language signifies water, and denoted the 
nature of the soil, is frequent in the names of 
places which are situated on the banks of rivers, 
renders them insular or marshy. In the Saxon 
language beor signifies a nobleman or prince, and 
mund peace or security, and when to these is 
added the termination ea-water, the word Bermond- 
sey may signify the prince's defence by the river. 
In digging at the Stone's End, at the end of 
Bermondsey Street (along that part lying between 
Long Lane and the Grange Road), for the forma- 
tion of a sewer, in the year 1824, several ancient 
graves in which the bodies laid were cut through, 
and several urns of common pottery were dis- 
covered filled w ith burnt bones, but no coins or 
other relics to fix the actual date of their inter- 
ment; they are, however, considered to be of 
Roman origin. In confirmation of this might be 
mentioned the finding of numerous earthen lamps, 
evidently of Roman manufacture, when the sewer 
was formed along King Street and Snow's Fields, 



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in a direct line, not very far distant from the spot 
we are now speaking of. 

At the time of the Conqueror's survey a great 
part of the Manor of Bermondsey was in his own 
hands — viz., that which Earl Harold* formerly 
possessed. Another distinct manor was held of 
him by Earl Moriton,* which Earl had the adjoin- 
ing manor of Lambeth, and a mansion house in 
Bermondsey.* There were good buildings here 
before the erection of the monastery which Licland 
conjectureth to have been Ayl win's also. The 
following account of the manor is given in Dooms- 
day Book :* — '' In Brixistan Hond. Rex tenet 
Bermundeseye. Heraldus comes tenuit. Tunc 
se defendabat pro XIII hidis. Terra est VIII 
carrucutarum. In dominio est una carrucata & 
XXV villani & XXXIII bordarii cum IIII carru- 
catis. Ibi nova et pulchra ecclesia &; XX acrae 
prati silva V porcis de pasnagio. In Lundonia 
XIII burgenses de XLIIII denariis. Tempore 
regis Edwardi, et modo valet XV libras & vice- 
comes habit XX solidos. Comes Moritoniensis 
tenet unam hidam quae tempore regis Edwardi & 

' William the Conqueror and his friends never gave Harold 
any higher title than that of Earl, considering him as a usurper. 

■ Robert, Earl of Moriton and Cornwall, brother of Odo, Earl 
of Kent, and half brother of the Conqueror, of whom see more 
in Dugdale, Bar i. 24. 

* Salmon's Antiquities of Surrey. In Doomsday Book, 
likewise, is the following, yol. i. p. 34. Isdem comes habet in 
Bermundeseye de terra regis 1 hidam ubi sedet domus ejus. Ibi 
est unus bordarius valet VIII solidos. 

* Doomsday Book, vol. i. p. 30. 

b2 



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post fuit in hoc manerlo." Translation — In Brix- 
ton hundred the King holds Bermondsey. Earl 
Harold held it before. At that time it was rated 
at 13 hides, now at 12. The arable land is 8 
carrucates or plough lands. There is one carru- 
cate in demesne, and 25 villans/ and 33 borders 
with 9 carrucates ; there is a new and handsome 
church, and 20 acres of meadow and woodland for 
5 hogs in pasnage time.* In London are 13 bur- 
gesses at 44 pence. In the time of King Edward 
it was valued as it now is also at 15 pounds, and 
the Sheriff hath 20 shillings. The Earl of Moriton 
holdeth 1 hide which, in the time of King Edward 
and afterward, was in this manor." The lands of 
the King must have run out considerably some 
way in having 20 acres of pastures and wood to 
fat 6 hogs in pasnage time. This number of 5 
would not be worth mentioning in the record, but 
that they seem to be the share of the lord, paid 
him yearly out of what the woods produced. The 
tenants in some places paid him a tenth and some- 
times a seventh.* 

The demesne lands or manor, properly so called, 
consisted of one hundred acres, occupied by the 

* They are supposed to have been tenants of a superior degree 
to servii, but their employment was mostly servile, and their 
persons and property at the disposal of the lord. 

' Pasnage time is an ancient law term for the mast of oaks and 
other forest trees used to feed swine on ; the time for receiving 
these animals into the woods, and keeping them there, was from 
Holyrood Day, or fifteen days before Michaelmas, to St. Martin's 
Day. 

' Salmon's Antiqiuties of Surrey. 



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lord himself, and of four hundred more in the ten- 
ure of 25 villans regardant and 33 borders. 

Thirteen burgage tenements in London were 
also holden in this manor at the annual rent of 
£11. And the Earl of Moriton was possessed of 
an hundred acres in the lordship, which, in the 
Confessor's lime and after^^ard, were also parcel 
of the manor, though, by this distinction in the 
wording of the record, they should seem at the 
time of the survey to have been enfranchised or 
otherwise detached from it. The reputed annual 
value of the manor (t. e. of the Lordship), in 
Edward the Confessor's time, as well as at the 
time of the survey, was £900 of our present 
money; out of which the Sheriff was allowed 20s. 
i. e. £60 of our present currency, for collecting the 
rents and paying them Into the exchequer. 

From the absence of any mention of Rotherhithe 
in Doomsday Book, it has been conjectured that 
it formerly formed part of the Parish of Bermond- 
sey ; that both parishes were within the manor of 
Bermondsey can hardly be doubted, and this may 
have led to the conjecture before referred to ; the 
prior and convent of Bermondsey had the advow- 
son of the church of Rotherhithe, and presented 
to it till the dissolution. 

William Rufus, in the 7th year of his reign, 
AD. 1094, gave the manor of Bermondsey,^ with 

' But note here that this grant of Rofus included no more than 
that part of the manor which was then called Bermundeseye, 
the ether part, called Rotherhithe, heiug reserved to the Crown, 



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all thereto belonging to the monks of La Charity 
established in the convent of this place for ever, 
to be free from all manner of customs and duties ; 
and this grant was confirmed to them by King 
Henry I, in the 27th year of his reign, A.D. 1127. 
From this time they continued in uninterrupted 
possession till the year 1417, 5th Hen. V, when a 
writ of qiLO warranto was brought against their 
title, but they obtained a decree in their favor, 
and continued in possession till the surrender of 
their house, 1st January, (29th Hen. VIII) 1537-8. 
The site of this abbey, being the capital mansion 
of the manor, was granted to Sir Robert Southwell, 
Knt. Master of the Rolls, 33rd Hen. VIII, to 
hold to him and his heirs for ever, at a rent of 10s. 
per year. He then convened the same to Sir 
Thomas Pope, Knt., (founder of Trinity College, 
Oxford) to his heirs and assigns for ever; Sir 
Thomas, who had been before in possession of the 
site of the priory also,* pulled down the ancient 
church that belonged thereto with some of the ad- 
jacent buildings,* and, with the materials, erected 
a capital mansion house on his manor, which 
mansion, called Berraundesey House, with the 
grounds adjoining containing altogether by esti- 

and given one moiety to the priory in 27th Hen. I; and the 
other, by the same king, to Robert Fitz-Hamon, his natural son, 
which came also into their possession 21st Richard II. 

' By purchase of Sir Robert Southwell, 30th August, 33rd 
Hen. Vni to whom it had been granted by the Crown on the 
8th July before. 

* Aubrey's Surrey. 



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mation twenty acres, be reconveyed, 4th March, 
1554-5, 1st and 2nd Philip and Mary, to Sir 
Robert Southwell, his heirs and assigns for ever, 
(reserving the manor with its appurtenances, and 
such other of the abbey estates as he had pur- 
chased of Sir Robert before, to himself) and it is 
supposed to be the same that afterwards came into 
the hands of Thomas Earl of Sussex. The 
remainder of the premises belonging to the site of 
the priory, and the advowson of the rectory, were 
conveyed to Robert Trappes, citizen and gold- 
smith of London. This Robert Trappes died 1 2th 
December, 1560, when he left Mary, wife of the 
Hon. Giles Paulett, and Alice, wife of Henry 
Brown, daughters of Nicholas his eldest son (who 
died 7th May, 1544,) co-heirs ; between whom, in 
1561, a division was made of his estates, but this 
manor still remained in the male branch of the 
family, being settled probably on Robert, younger 
son or nephew of Robert aforesaid, who was living 
in 1571, and in whose descendants it continued 
till 1709 ; when Thomas, last heir male of this 
branch, by his will dated 25th June in that year, 
he devised after his death (which happened 18th 
February following, in the 63rd year of his age), 
to Elizabeth Holford, his niece in fee, who, on her 
marriage with Edward Thurland, Esq. of Reigate, 
in 1711, conveyed the same to trustees to be sold, 
when other lands were settled on her in lieu there- 
of. Accordingly, by deeds dated July, 1717, the 
aforesaid Edward Thurland and his wife convened 



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8 

the premises to Peter Hambly, Esq., of Streatham, 
who devised the same to William Hambly, Esq., 
of Carshalton, his son. This William Hambly 
convened the manor with its appurtenances (as 
also the site of the priory, and advowson of the 
rectory), in trust for himself during his life, with 
remainder to Eleanor his wife for her jointure, and 
remainder to his sons; and dying, 17th November, 
1749, left the said Eleanor surviving, who pos- 
sessed the premises as her jointure, and one son, 
viz. the Rev. Thomas Hambly, (of Queen's College, 
Oxford, B.C.L. 1776, was instituted to the rectory 
1777, died 28th April, 1802), having, by his will, 
devised this and his other estates to his wife for 
life ; and, in case he should have no issue (which 
he had not), then, after his wife's death, to his 
nephew Edmund Robinson, son of his sister 
Eleanor Robinson, for life; remainder to his sons 
entail male; remainder to his daughters entail 
general ; remainder to his niece, Eleanor Knapp, 
in like manner, who is at present in possession. 

THE PRIORY. 

The priory of St. Saviour, of Bermondsey, was 
founded in 16th William the Conqueror, A.D. 1082, 
by Aylwin Child, citizen of London,* who died 8th 
April, J 094.* Some have ascribed the foundation 

' Mon. Aug. i, 639, Chron. Berm. Tanners Notitia, p. 535, 
but Leland, Stow, and Reyner, and others place it a year earlier, 
viz. 1081. 

' Chron. Berm. Mon. Aug. i, 640. 



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r%"" 



,- ft 




Jr^UlDkatitHL 1' T L^ W.HiiIlipS. 



' ^riwiti. i.iijir. C'liciiici ai.iiTTV. 



E^OmTM (&ATE-ierOIlISE OF JBElRMO^BSEir ABBEY, 



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V 



4 yi 



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9 

to the Conqueror,* who, no doubt, countenanced 
and promoted it; others to Rufus,* who, it seems, 
gave largely to it; but it appears to have been 
first began by Child* himself, although, perhaps, 
the advances he made in it were but small. He 
first founded a church,* and dedicated it to our 
Saviour, on the south of, and contiguous to, where 
the present parochial church stands. And near 
this he founded the aforesaid priory for monks, sent 
hither in the year 1089, at the instance of Lan- 
franc,* Archbishop of Canterbury, from the priory 
of La Charity sur la Loire, in France, to which it 
became subject. In 45th Edward III, it was 
sequestered, among other alien priories, to the use 
of the crown ; but re-established by Richard, in 
the second year of his reign ; who also, two years 
afterwards, in consideration of a fine of two hun- 
dred marks, enfranchised it, enabling the members 
of it to purchase and possess lands in their own 
right, and for their own benefit. And in the year 
1399, or eighteen years afterwards, he made it an 
abbey. The estates belonging to this priory were 
of the extended value of at least £3000 of our 
present currency. In the year 1539 this abbey 
was valued todispend by the year £474. 14s. 4d. 

m 

' Leland's Collectanea i, 417. 
' Leland's Collectanea, i. 89. 

' Tanner's Notitia, p. 535. Leland's Collectanea, i. 36. 
Chron. Berm. Mon. Aug. i. 639. 

* Mon. Aug. i. 639. Tanner's Notitia. 
^ Leland's Collectanea, i. 263. 

• Pat. i. Hen. IV. per inspex 4th Richard IL 



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10 



TEMPORALITIES OF THE PRIORY.^ 

1082. — 16th William the Conqueror. Diverse 
rents in the city of London,* the gift of Aylwin 
Child, their founder. Confirmed by Rufus, and 
afterwards by Henry the First.* 

1092.— 5th William Rufus. The manor of 
Bridesthorn;* lands in Widon and Hard wick;* 
10s. a year out of a mill at Sutton ; half the manor 
of Upton, Berks.; and lands called Melneham, 
were all given to the priory by Wynebald de 
Baalun. The manor of Preston, near Yeovil, in 
Somerset, was also given by AnsgerBrito, in 1092; 
but a writ of quo warranto being brought against 
their title to it by the crown, when it appeared 
they were bound to provide two chaplains to pray 
for the soul of the donor for ever. 

A D. 1093.— 6th William Rufus. The manor 
of Charlton, in Kent, was given to them by Robert 
Bloct, Bishop of Lincoln. In the 53rd of Henry 
III, they obtained a charter for holding a weekly 
market here on Monday, and a fair on the eve and 
morrow of the feast of the Holy Trinity. Lands 
called Monksbury, in Hallingbury Parva, in Essex, 



' These, with the Spiritualities, are chiefly extracted from 
Dugdale. 
' Chron. Berm. Mon. Aug. i. 640. 

* Mon. Aug. i. 642. 

♦ Chron. Berm. Mon. Aug. i. 639. 
^ Chron. Berm. Mon. Aug. i. 642. 



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II 

were given them, in the same year, by Geoffrey 
Martel. 

A.D. 1094. — Lands at de la Stone, in the county 
of Somerset, were given by Walter, son of Ansger 
Brito, above mentioned ; and lands in Hdddesdon 
and Amwell, by Peter de St. Olave. The manor 
of Bermondsey, which had hitherto been royal 
demesne, was this year also given to the priory by 
the king. 

A.D. 1098. — ^The manor of Cowick-barns, now 
called Quickbury, in the parish of Sheering, in 
Essex, was given them by Richard Guet. 

A.D. 1103.— 3rd Henry I. Land at Baleham, 
now called Balham, adjoining Streatham, in the 
county of Surrey, were given by Nigel de Mande- 
ville, with the consent of his wife. 

A.D. 1113.— 13th Henry I. Land called wid- 
fleet, with a mill and other their appurtenances, in 
Southwark, extending unto Lambeth, Kennington, 
and Newington, were given by Robert Marmion. 

A.D. 1114.— 14th Henry L The manor of 
Kynewardeston, in the county of Somerset, was 
given to the priory, this year, by Mary, wife of 
Eustace, Earl of Boulogne. 

A.D. 1118. — William de Belmeis gave the manor 
of Andretesbury to the convent. About this time 
the manors of Broxbourn, in Hertfordshire, was 
given to the convent by Ivo de Grentmaisnil, being 
part of the inheritance of Adelize, his mother. 

A.D. 1122.— 22nd Henry I. Thomas Arden, 
and Thomas, his son, gave the church of St. 



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12 

George, in Southwark, and tithes of corn in Horn- 
don, and lands belonging to London bridge ; which 
grant of St. George's church was confirmed by the 
king. 

A.D. 1127.— 27th Henry I. One moiety of 
Rotherhithe,— the manor of Dulwich, in Camber- 
well, — one hide of land in Southwark, and the 
manor of Whaddon, in Croydon, were all given to 
the priory this year by the king Some time in 
this reign, Robert de Augi, or Ewe, gave lands 
and tenements, called Wishfield Grove, in the 
parish of Dodinghurst, in Essex, to the priory. 

A.D. 1137.— 3rd Stephen. The king granted 
to the monks of Bermondsey a rent of 40s. in 
Southwark ; and in 1 141 an extended charter of 
privileges and immunities. 

A.D. 1142.— 7th Stephen. The same king 
gave part of Wantage, in Berks., and lands called 
Wykes, and a mill there. 

A D. 1 143.— 8th Stephen. William Fitz-Helton 
gave a mill at Farningham, in Kent. 

A.D. 1144.— 9th Stephen. The manor of War- 
lingham, in Surrey, was given to the convent by 
William de Wateville. 

A.D. 1145.— 10th Stephen The moiety of 
Greenwich, i. e, that part of it which was called 
West Greenwich ; and afterwards Deptford, was 
given them by Walchelin de Mamynot. 

A.D. 1152.— 17th Stephen. Alan Pirot gave 
six thousand herrings to the convent, out of his 
manor of Erchelawis, with one acre of land. They 



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13 

had also land at Legham, in the parish of God- 
stone, in Surrey, given them by Ela, wife of Jordan 
de Sackville. 

A D 1157.— 3rd Henry II. Walchelin de 
Mamynot, son of Walchelin above-mentioned, gave 
a rent-charg'e of 10s. per annum, issuing out of 
a mill in his manor of Deptford. 

A.D. 1160.— 6th Henry II. The king granted 
to the monastery this year, an extensive charter of 
confirmation of all their estates and privileges. 

A.D. 1168.— 14th Henry IL Whalchelin de 
Mamynot just mentioned, gave a further rent- 
charge of 60s. per annum out of his lordship of 
Chippenham, in Dillehurst. 

A. D. 1173.— 19th Henry II. This priory re- 
ceived from the king a charter of free v^rarren over 
all their lands in Surrey. 

A. D. 1181.— 27th Henry IL A mill at Bed- 
ford was given by Milo de Beauchamp and Pagan 
his heir. 

A. D. 1191.— 3rd Richard I. Robert de Cil- 
terne gave ten acres of land to the priory in Chil- 
terne. 

A. D. 1194.— 6th Richard I. The lordship of 
Oswardston, in the parish of Lyd, in Kent, and 
the land of John, the clerk in Bilsington, were 
given by Henry, Earl of Augi. 

A D. 1270.— 55th Henry III. John, son of 
Robert de Burg, gave the Manor of East Chalk, 
in Kent, to the priory. About this time also Ro- 
ger de Leyburn, who died in 56th Henry III., 



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14 

gave to the priory the lordship of Pattlesworth, in 
Kent. 

A. D. 1329.— King Edward confirmed to the 
monks of Bermondsey their various possessions, 
as contained in the charters of his predecessors. 

A. D. 1397.— 20th Richard II. The prior and 
convent had a grant of the hundreds of Brixton 
and Wallington, and confirmed to them by letters 
patent of Henry VI. In the same year, 21st 
Richard II, the other moiety of the manor of 
Rotherhithe was demised to the prior and convent 
here by the abbey of St. Mary Graces, at an 
annual rent of £20. 

In a taxation of the temporalities of the reli- 
gious in the archdeaconry of Surrey, the following 
account is given of those belonging to this priory, 
with the respective sums at which they were 
rated, viz. : 

THE PRIORY OF BERMONDESEYE 

HATH» 

At Lexham (i e. Legham, or Lagham, £ s. d. 

in Godstone) to the value of 7 8^ 

At Ruthurhuthe, what is taxed at •• 10 2 

In the parish of St. Margaret 17 8 

In the parish of St. Mary Magdalen, 

Bermondsey 19 17 8 

In the parish of St. Mary Magdalen of 

Southwerk 60 

At Camerwelle, what is taxed at ... • 6 8 7 
In the parish of St. Olave, what is 

taxed at 5 



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15 

£ 8. d. 

At Croydon/ what is taxed at •.»••• 10 16 5 
At Warlyngham. what is taxed at . . . 36 

In the 7th Henry IV, it was found that the 
prior was in possession of twenty-two acres of land, 
and eight acres of meadow in Rotherhithe, with- 
out the king's license.* 

THE SPIRITUALITIES OF THE PRIORY. 

A. D. 1092.— 6th William Rufus, The advow- 
son of the church of Hardwick ; and Upton, near 
Blebury, Berks., were given to the convent by 
Wynebald de Baalun. The advowson of the 
church, and the tithes of Oraeney, now Amney, in 
the county of Gloucester, were given them this 
year by Odo de Tirone. 

A. D. 1093. — The tithes of Alferton, a manor in 
Great Dunmow, Essex» were given by Geoffrey 
M artel. The tithes of the manor of Monksbury 
were also given to the monks this year, with the 
manor itself. 

A. D. 1094.— The tithes of Fifield, in Essex, 
were given by Robert de Tani. The advowson 
of the church of St. Saviour, at Bermondsey, was 
given also this year by the king. 

A. D. 1107. — 7th Henry I. The advowson of 
the rectory of Fif hyde was given by Maud, the 
wife of Anscult de Tani, who also confirmed the 
grant of the tithes by Roger, in 1094. 

' Viz. Wliaddons in that parish. 
• Harl, M.SS., 74. p. 72. 



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16 

A. D. 1112. — The advowson of the rectory of 
Inglescomb, in the county of Somerset, was given 
by Haivase de Gournay, wife of Roger de Baalun, 
but afterwards alienated to the priory of Bath. 

A. D. 1114. — The advowson of the church of 
Kynewardeston was given to the priory among 
the appurtenances of that manor, by Mary, wife 
of Eustace, Earl of Boulogne. 

A. D 1118. — The advowson of the rectory of 
Wideford, in the county of Hertford, with all the 
tithes of that lordship. 

A. D. 1122. — The advowson of the rectory of St. 
George's Southwark, was given by Thomas Ardern, 
of Horndon-on-the-Hill, in Essex, and Thomas his 
son The said Thomas did give them also the 
tithe of corn in their manor of Ardern Hall, in 
Horndon. 

A. D. 1127.— 27th Henry I. The advowson of 
the rectory of Rotherhithe, probably as parcel of 
that moiety of the manor which was given them 
this year by the king. 

A. D. 1132. — The king gave to the priory the 
advowsons of the churches of Schorn and Cob- 
ham annexed, in the county of Kent, with the 
tithes of corn, lambs, &c. 

A. D. 1139.— 5th Stephen. Two parts of the 
tithes of Cherlton Camville, in the county of So- 
merset, were given to the priory this year, by Ge- 
rald de Camville. 

A. D. 1143.— 8th Stephen. The advowson of 
the church of Writtle, in Essex, was given to the 



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17 

priory by Ihe king, but taken from them again by 
King John, and by him given, anno 1203, to the 
hospital at the church of St Mary, in Saxia, at 
Rome (commonly called the hospital of the Holy 
Ghost), to which it was confirmed by King 
Edward III. 

A.D. 1150. — Two parts of the tithes of cattle 
and corn in Melcomb Horsey, in the County of 
Dorset, were given them by Fitz-Osbert. 

A. D. 1164. — ^The advowson of the rectory of 
Camberwell, in Surrey, was given by William, Earl 
of Gloucester, natural son of King Henry I, and 
confirmed by Henry II, anno 1159. 

A.D. 1155— 1st Henry 11. The tithes of 
Wicklondes, in the parish of Woolwich, but on 
the north or Essex side of the Thames, were given 
by William, son of Henry of Eltham. 

A.D. 1166. — The advowson of the rectory of 
Bengeho, in the county of Hertford, was given by 
Reginald de Tani. 

A.D. 1168. — ^William de Wateville gave them 
the advowson of the rectory of Warlingham and 
chapelry of Chelsham, in Surrey. 

A.D. 1169.— The advowson of the rectory of 
Bedington was given them by Ingelram de Fun- 
teneys. 

A.D. 1168. — The advowson of the rectory of 
Birling, in Kent, was given to the convent by De 
Mamynot. 

A.D. 1177.— The tithe of Wood-Ditton, in the 



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18 

county of Cambridge, were given by Robert Fitz- 
Humphrey. 

A.D. 1179. — The tithes of the mansion of Lang- 
ford, in Norfolk, were given by Hugh de Montfort, 
and two parts of the tithes of the said Lordship 
by William, son of Richard de Francheville. The 
tithes of his mansion of Bodney, in Norfolk, were 
also given to the convent this year by the said 
Hugh de Montfort, and also the tithes of his 
mansion of Garboldesham in the same county ; 
William de Francheville, jun. having given them 
also two parts of the tithes of that lordship. The 
said Hugh gave also the tithes of his mansion at 
Nacheton. 

A.D. 1182.— The whole tithe of the lordship of 
De la Stone, in the parish of Godichester, was 
given by John de Trenchefuile. 

A.D. 1190.— 2nd Richard I. Two parts of the 
tithes of Ludgershall, in the county of Buckingham, 
were given by Geffrey de Tayle. 

A.D. 1127.— nth Henry III. They had also 
the tithes of Powynton, Lyntecop^ and Blackman- 
ston, in Dorsetshire. 

A.D. 1229.— The tithe of the demesne of Hugo 
de Bray, parcel of the rectory of Lambeth did 
belong to them. 

A.D. 1241. — This priory was also possessed of 
the tithes of Stikeldon, in the parish of Greenford, 
in Middlesex. 

A.D. 1270.— John, son of Hubert de Burg, gave 



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19 

the advowson of Chartre. This seems to have 
been a chapel in their manor of Monksbury. 

A.D. 1318.— 11th and 12th Edward II. The 
convent agreed with Walter Reynolds, Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury, for the purchase of two 
acres of land in Croydon, of the yearly value of 2s. 
with the advowson of the rectory there ; and in 
14th Edward III, for the rectory itself, 

A.D. 1321 — ^This year, and thenceforth to the 
dissolution of the convent, they presented to the 
rectory of St. George, Botolph Lane, but how they 
became possessed of the advowson is not known. 

A.D. 1322. — ^They presented to the rectory of 
St. Andrew, Holborn. They continued patron of 
it till their dissolution. 

A.D. 1386.— 10th Richard II. The priory had 
also two parts of the tithes of the demesne of 
Kimbolton, in the county of Huntingdon, which 
they demised to the priory of Stonely for 6s. 8d. 
per annum. 

A.D. 1390. — The priory obtained a grant of the 
rectory of Croydon in exchange for the manor of 
Waddons. 

A.D 1397. — This year the advowson of the 
rectory of Kemsyng, in the diocese of Rochester, 
was given them by Guido M one. This advowson, 
after the dissolution of the abbey, was granted by 
Queen Ellizabeth to Sir Peter Manwood, Knt. 
They had also a certain portion of the tithes of 
Cheyham, in Surrey, in lieu of which they received 
of the rectory a pension of two marks. 

c2 



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20 



TEMPORALITIES OF THE PRIOR IN POPE 

NICHOLAS' VALOR. 1 

& 8. d. 

The diocese of Rochester 

In East Hall, Berling Cherlton 

Sutton, with the appurtenances 32 16 9 

London. 
Goods of the Prior of Bermondsey, in the parish of 

St. Mary Woolchurch 8 8 

St. Dunstan in the West 2 8 

Allhallows Barking 8 9 

St. Swithin , 4 

St. Matthew, Friday Street 10 

St. Benedict, vulgarly Bennet 5 

St. Botolph, Billingsgate , 2 7 

St. John, Walbrook 10 

St. Michael, Bassishaw ••••• 021 

St. Peter, Wood Street 2 3 

St. Lawrence, Candlewick. • » >• 1 6 10 

St. Sepulchre 14 

St. Olave, Monkwell Street 9 

St. Michael, Queenhithe .•••, 5 6 

St. Botolph without, Aldersgate 6 8 

Allhallows at Hay 11 4 

Allhallows Staining 10 

St. Mary Mounthaw • 2 

Allhallows, Fenchurch Street 4 8 

St. Margarett Moysi p 4 

St. Margarett Pattens 13 4 

St. Margarett at the Bridge 17 

St. Andrew Hubbard 1 13 4 

St. Mildred, Bread Street 6 

1 Pope NichoUw't Taxation was made about the year 1291. 



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£ 8. d. 

St. Edmund. Gracechurch 13 4 

St. Trinity the less 7 

St.MaryatHiU 4 6 

St. Nicholas, Aeon 2 2 

Allhallows. Coleman Street ».. 5 

St. Martin, Candlewick 2 4 7 

St. Andrew, CornhiU 8 4 

St. Christopher 6 

St- Martin, Outwich 3 

St. Nicholas, Clave 12 

St. Thomas the Apostle 10 

St. Michael. CornhiU 10 

St. James, Garlick Hythe 17 8 

St. Martin, Vintry 1 16 

St. Mary, Abchurch 10 3 

St. Clement, Candlewick 12 8 

St. John. Zachary - 16 

StAgnes • 11 

St. Nicholas, Cole Abbey 110 

AllhaUowsadCelar 10 

St. Stephen, Walbrook • 6 8 

St.George 6 

St. Bennet Sheerhog 14 

St. Mary Magdalen, Fish Street 10 

St. Nicholas in the Shambles 6 8 

St.MaryleBow 3 

StVedast 3 

St. Leonard, Eastcheap ••• 2 6 9 

St.Dionis . 2 11 4 

St. Michael. Candlewick 2 3 7 

St. Michael ad Bladen 112 10 

St. Michael. Ho^en Lane 6 

St. Pancras 1 1^ ^ 

St. Mary Bothaw 1 8 4 

Allhallows, Gracechurch 7 



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22 

£ s. d. 
St. Dtinstan in the East 2 3 

St. Michael, Paternoster •••••• ^ 8 

Essex. 

In Little Hallingbury, from lands and mills • • • . 9 5 3 
In Schering, from lands, mills, customs, and the 
young of animals 11 4 2 

In the Deanery of Br anting. 

Pension of the prior of Bermondsey, in the 

church of Wideford 6 8 

Also the portion of the said prior there 2 

In the Deanery of Harlow, 
Portion of the prior in little Hallingbury 2 

In the Deanery of Ongar. 

In the church of Fifehyde 3 6 8 

Pension of the said prior there * r. 2 

In the Deanery of Berdeataple. 

Portion of the prior in the church of Hornyng- 

done 113 4 

In the Archdeaconry of Essex. 
Duddyngehurst. The prior of Bermondsey • . « . 2 3 11 

In the Deanery of Colchester. 

The prior of Bermondsey to be paid by his hands 

into the Exchequer 18 4| 

Bucks. 

In the Deanery of Wottesdon. 

Portion of the prior of Bermondsey in the church 

of Lotigarshall ,^ 1 



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23 



In the Deanery of Leychtonstone. £ s. d. 
Portion of the prior in the church of Rynebarton 4 

In the Deanery o/Bumham. 

The prior of Bennondsey hath in Chippenham 

ofrents 3 

In the Deanery of Hertford. 

The prior of Bermondsey hath in Benyngho in 

court lands f 3 

In the Archdeaconry of Chichester. 
Temporalities of the prior in Bermondsey 10 

In the Deanery of Whitchurch, Dorset. 

Portion of the prior of Bermondsey in the church 
of Melcombe 1 6 8 

In the Deanery of Ambresbury. 
Portion of the prior of Bermondsey in Mildestone 10 

In the Archdeaconry of Berks. 

The prior of Bermondsey in Optone 7 6 8 

Temporalities of the same in Optone, in the 

deanery of Abingdon 3 13 4 

In the Deanery ofMerston. 

Portion of the prior of Bermondsey in the church 

ofGenelle 2 

The prior of Bermondsey in Preston, in the same 

8 3 4 



In the Deanery ofUchester. 
Prior of Bermondsey in the church of Chilterne 9 13 4 



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The prior of 
Bermondsey *< 
hath 



24 

^ jn the town of Camberwelh whieh £ s. d. 

is taxed 6 8 7 

In the parish of St. Olave, which 

is taxed 5 

In the parish of Croydon^ which 

is taxed 4 10 15 5 

In the town of Warlingham^ 

which is taxed 1 16 

Bermondsey Alien. The church of the Blessed 

Mary, Bermondsey 5 6 8 

And he is a pensioner in 

7%tf Deanmy of Souihwark. 
The church of the Blessed Mary, of Bermondsey 5 6 8 

In the Deanery of Stonhouse. 

The church of Estinton. Beside this the portion 

of the prior • 10 

Portion in the church of Landbeck 10 

In the Archdeaconry of Nottingham. 
The prior of Bermondsey hath in Staneforth .... I 

In the Archdeaconry qfSubee. 

The Deanery ofFordham. 

From the prior of the i _^ . ^ „ , 

. r« ^ f The portion of Bermondsey. 
monastery of Toft. J 

In the Deanery of Bedford. 
The prior of Bermondsey hath, in Bedford,. out 

ofrents 3 



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26 



PRIORS OF THE MONASTERY. » 

Pbter, Osbem and Umbald, monks of La Charite«< came 
to Bermondsey in the year 1089, when 

PsTBR was made the first Prior^ and was so ordained by the 
foreign monastery of LaCharite. — He died 10th June.' 
1119, and 

Hbrebranus sttcce^ed him. — He died in 1120« and 

Peter was made Prior ; and next to him 

Walter, who died in the year 1134; and after him 

Clarbmbaldus — He was made Abbot of Faversham in 
1 148, and was succeeded by 

Robert Blbsus. — He resigned in 1155, and 

Roger succeeded as Prior in 115)5; in the year following he 
resigned, being made Abbot of St. Owen, and 

Adam succeeded,^ who in the year 1161 resigned, and was 
made Abbot of Evesham; to whom succeeded 

Gaudfridus as Prior. — He resigned in 1163. 

Peter succeeded. — He resigned in 1166. 

Reynald succeeded. — He resigned in 1167; to whom suc- 
ceeded 

Roger. — He resigned in 1175, and was made Abbot of 
Abington; to whom succeeded 

Robert de Bethelem, and he resigned in 1176. 

Wbrricus succeeded. — He resigned in 1178, upon being 
made Abbot of Faversham. His successor at Ber- 
mondsey was 

Bertramus. — He died 1184, and was succeeded by 

Constantinus. — He died in 1186. His successor was 

Henry de Soliaco. — He died in the same year. 

* Excerpta quadam ez excerptis de Libro de Bermondesey qua sunt in 
GustodiA Domini Gardiner de Halinge. Harleian MSS, No. 6016. 65 c 

* Stow. > Mob. Aug. 1, 640. * Chron. BeroL Mon. Aug. 1, 641. 



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26 

Adam succeeded, who also died the same year. 

Henry succeeded. — He resigned in 1189, upon being made 
Abbot of Glastonbury; to whom succeeded 

Richard Norman, as Prior of Bermondsey ; he died in 
1201, and 

Hugo succeeded. — He died in 1210 ; his successor was 

Richard. — He erected, A.D. 1213, the Almonry or Hos- 
pital, adjoining the Priory, for the benefit of indigent 
children and necessitous converts, afterwards called St. 
Thomas's Hospital, Bermondsey. He resigned in 1 22 1 , 
being made prior of Wenlocke ; to him succeeded 

Hugo, who died the same year. His successor was 

Gaudfridus.— He died in 1222; to whom succeeded 

Odilo, who died in the same year, and 

Hugo succeeded. — He died at the end of the same year, so 
there had been three Priors in one year. 

Odilo succeeded to Hugo. — He died 1223, and 

Hamo succeeded, who died the same year. 

Hugo was the next Prior. — He died 1226. 

Gilbert succeeded, and died 1226; His successor was 

Hugo, who died the same year, and next to him was 

William. — He died 1227, and was succeeded by 

TosBERTUS, who died 1229. He was succeeded by 

Bernardus, who died within a month in the same year, 
and was succeeded by 

Haymo, who died 1231 ; to whom succeeded 

Hugo, who died 1234. 

Peter was the next Prior. — He died in 1240. 

GiLBERTUS or Ingleburtus succeeded, who died in 1245 ; 
to whom succeeded 

Roger, who died in 1247, and 

Imbertus succeeded. — He died in 1253. 

Hatmo succeeded. — He died the same year. 

Symon succeeded. — He died 1255, and next to him 

Haymo.' — He died 1258, and was succeeded by 



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27 

GuiCARDUS. — He resigned 1265, and was made Prior of 
Wenlock. His successor at Bermondsey was 

John de Chartes. — He died 1273, and was succeeded by 

Henry de Monte Mauri. — He resigned in 1276, and 

John succeeded, who died the same year. 

Peter was his successor, who likewise died in the same 
year. His successor was 

John. — He died in 1278, and was succeeded by 

Peter. — He died in 1283, and next to him was 

Robert, who died in 1285, and 

Henry Northamp succeeded. — He died in 1288. 

John Norman was the next Prior. — He died 1290. 

William de Charite was his successor. — He died the 
same year, and was succeeded by 

Peter. — He also died the same year, and had 

Henry for a successor. — He died 1300. 

Peter de Sancto Simphoniaco succeeded. — He died in 
1302. The next Prior was 

Henry. — He died 1312, and was succeeded by 

Peter de St. Lawrence. — He died 1319 ; next came 

Galfridus de Deliviz. — He died the same year, and 

Peter succeeded. — He died 1321. His successor was 

Walter, who died the same year, and next to him 

Henry. — He resigned in 1324 upon being made Prior of 
Wenlocke. 

Walter was his successor at Bermondsey, and died in the 
same year. 

John de Cusantia or Custancia succeeded. In I7th 
Edward II, A.D. 1324, the King issued his letters 
patent for arresting the Prior and certain Monks of this 
house, for entertaining certain rebels therein.^ These 
rebels were probably some of the adherents of Thomas, 
Earl of Lancaster; who, after his defeat about two 
years before, had taken sanctuary in this Convent. 
* Pat. 17, Edw. II, p. 1, m. 7. 



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28 

John db Carou>co was elected on the resignation of Cus- 
tancia. — He died 1363. He was succeeded by 

Peter de Tonelio. — He died 1372» and the next was 

Richard Dunton, the first Englishman who filled the 
' ofiice. He was appointed Prior 18th January^ 1373. 
By his solicitations, and the payment of a fine of 200 
marcs, and consenting to the King's charging them 
with a corrody on an emergent occasion^ they were 
released from their subjection to the foreign Priory, 
and made Denizen. In the same year he rebuilt the 
cloister and refectory. This Richard appears to have 
been a great benefactor to the Priory. In 1387 he 
covered the nave of the Church with lead ; made new 
glass windows in the Presbytery, with gilt tables for 
the High Altar and Morning Altar. In 1390, 14th 
Richard II, he resigned to 

John Attilburgh, in whose time the Priory was made an 
Abbey, and he became the first of the 

ABBOTS OF BERMONDSEY. 

John Attilburgh was created Abbot by Pope Boniface IX. 
Ele afterwards resigned and was made Bishop of Athel* 
feld. 
Henry Tomson succeeded. — He died 1403. His successor 

was 
Thomas Thetford. — He died 1432, when 
John Bromleioh was elected. — He resigned 1473. 
John de Marlow was his successor. — He was succeeded by 
Robert Wharton or Parfew, S. T. B. of the University 
of Cambridge. He was Prior, according to Manning, 
as early as 1520. He was consecrated Bishop of St. 
Asaph, July 2nd, 1636. He surrendered the Abbey to 
the King, January 1st, 1637-8, and obtained a pension 
of £333. 6s. 8d. per year. In April 1664 he was trans- 
lated to Hereford by Queen Mary, of which see he died 



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Bishop, September 22nd, 1557, and was buried there 
in his Cathedral. 

The advowson of the abbey of Bermondsey was in the 
Monks, but their election was not valid till confirmed by the 
King. 

In 1514, by Letters Patent, dated 24th June, the King 
granted the next advowson to Thomas Wolsey, then Bishop 
of Lincoln, and John Reve de Meiford, Abbot of St. 
Edmunds, Bury ;^ but whether they ever collated under this 
grant, or whether it was resumed, we are no where informed. 

This house was one of them which, as appears by the date 
of its surrender (1st January, 39th Henry VIII), anticipated 
the des^s of the Crown upon the greater Monasteries, > by 
a voluntary resignation of its estates. Nor is it improb- 
able, when we consider the preferments he was advanced 
to, that the Abbot, who made the surrender, was put in by 
the Court with a view to this event. 



DESCRIPTION OF THE MONKS OF THE 
ABBEY. 

After England, for the space of four hundred 
years, had seen no other men, but either the 
Scottish or British Monks, who professed the 
Egyptian discipline, and those whom St. Augus- 
tine brought with him, and who are proved to be 
Benedictines, William, Earl of Warren, son-in* 
law to William the Conqueror, in his reign, first 
brought in the Cluniac Monks, in the year of our 
l^ord 1077, or thereabouts. The which, though 

' Pat. 6 Hen. VIII, p. 2, m. 26. 

' The dissolution of which was eventually provided for by Act 
Slat Hen. VIII. 



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they lived under the rule of St Benedict, and wore 
a black habit, yet because they followed a very 
different discipline in ceremonies and their way 
of behaviour, than had been observed by the black 
monks before their coming, therefore they were not 
called Benedictines, nor of the order of St. Bene- 
dict, but monks of the order of Cluni; exactly in 
the same manner as the Britons and Scots, who» 
according to the received opinion of many, followed 
the order of St. Benedict, yet because they differed 
from the Roman Monks who came into England 
with Augustine, in the keeping of Easter, shaving 
their heads, and the whiteness of their garments^ 
the latter, to be distinguished from them, were 
called Black Monks. 

All the monasteries of the Cluniac order, in 
England, were governed by foreigners, had more 
French than English monks in them, and were 
not only subject to the foreign houses of Cluni, La 
Charitfe, &c., but could be visited by them only. 
None of their priors were elected by their re- 
spective convents, but named by the above foreign 
houses The bouses of Cluni abroad had pen- 
sions from their houses in England called Appor- 
tu& Cardinal Wolsey dissolved four of these 
houses in 1525. At the beginning of their order 
silence was so strictly observed amongst them in 
their regular exercises, as well by day as by night, 
that they would rather have died than break it 
before the hour of prime ; the public declaring of 
their faults was in use among them. 



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COPY OF THE CHARTER FOR MAKING 
THE PRIORY DENIZEN.^ 

The King (Henry IV), to all, &c. greeting. 
We have seen the Charter of Richard, late King 
of England, &c. We have also seen another 
Charter of the same Richard, late King, in these 
words — "Richard (2nd), by the Grace of God, 
King of England and France and Lord of Ireland, 
to all to whom these presents shall come greeting. 
Know ye that of our special grace, and in con- 
sideration that the Priory of Bermondsey, which is 
the foundation of our progenitors, and of our patron 
age, has been very much burthened with Corridoes 
through the undue government and negligence of 
the alien Priors, who were then before these 
times, and by many other ways, dilapidated ; as 
well in the decay of the buildings as the decrease 
of the revenues belonging to that priory, till the 
time when our beloved in Christ, Brother Richard 
Denton, an Englishman, who is prior there at 
present, had the government thereof, the which 
Brother Richard, in his time, very much retrieved 
the state of the aforesaid Priory, as we are cer- 
tainly informed ; at the request of the aforesaid 
Richard, with the advice of our council, and for 
the fine of 200 marcs, which the said Brother 
Richard paid to us in the Hamper of our Chan- 
cery, have granted for us and our heirs, as much 

» Pat. 4th Richard 11. 



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as in us is, to the said Brother Richard, that he 
and his successors for ever be Denizens, and in all 
respects as Denizens and not reputed and treated 
as Aliens; and that they freely have the said 
Priory, with all the Lands and Tenements, Reve- 
nues and Possessions, Knights' Fees, and Advow- 
sons of Churches appertaining to the said Priory, 
without paying anything to us or our heirs for the 
said Priory, or for any possession belonging to the 
same, on account of any war commenced, or to be 
commenced between us and our Adversary of 
France, and the heirs of the said Adversary at any 
time whatsoever hereafter, as long as the prior and 
convent of the aforesaid Priory, or the prior and 
the major part of the convent shall be English, of 
English extraction ; always provided that if from 
henceforward it shall happen that the aforesaid 
prior, or the greatest part of the convent afore- 
said during the said war, shall be Alien, then 
during that time, the said Priory, with the Lands, 
Tenements, Revenues, Possessions, Fees and 
Advowsons of Churches, shall be again taken into 
the hands of us or our successors, and the prior 
there shall be burthened to pay to us and our 
heirs during the said war such rent as used to be 
paid to us by way of farm for the said Priory 
before the present grant, and this notwithstanding 
during all the time that the said prior and the 
greater part of the convent shall be English as 
aforesaid, they shall freely have the said Priory, 
with the Lands, Tenements, Revenues, PosseV 



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sions, Fees and Advowsons, and shall be exempt 
and discharged from the said farm in the manner 
aforesaid ; in testimony whereof we have caused 
these Letters Patent to be made ; witness myself, 
at Westminster, the 29th day of May, in the fourth 
year of our reign. But we ratifying and consent- 
ing to the Donations, Confirmations, Remissions, 
and Discharges, as for us and our heirs, as far as 
in us is, accept and approve the same, and grant 
and confirm them to our beloved in Christ the pre- 
sent Abbot and Convent of Bermondsey and their 
successors, as the aforesaid Charters and Letters 
do reasonably testify ; and as the said Abbot and 
Convent and their predecessors were, by virtue of 
the said Charters and Letters, from the time of 
the making of the same until now wont to use and 
enjoy the same. In witness thereof, &c. Witness 
myself, at Westminster, the 2nd day of April, in 
the 1st year of King Henry VL " 

Of the internal state of the Abbey but little 
is known, most of the annals^ being lost in the 
general wreck of its fortunes. It appears, how- 
ever, that Provincial Chapters were occasionally 

' In the British Maseum is a small Volame entitled Annales 
AbhattaB de Bermondsey (formerly belonging to the Howard 
family), Harleian Collection, No. 231. It is very fairly written 
in a good legible black text upon vellum; haying vermillion 
rubrics of the king's reign, and the date of the year. It is a 
rather small quarto volume* of seventy -one written leaves, 
delicately paged by some later hand. 

D 



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held liere/ and that the court sometimes made use 
of it for their meetings on affairs of State. In the 
reign of Henry III many of the nobility, having 
taken the cross upon them, met at this house to 
deliberate on the order of their journey to the 
Holy Land f and in the 25th of the same reign 
William de Eborum, and his fellow-justices itine- 
rant, held their Assize on the 6th of May. The 
small Priory of St. James, Derby, was a cell to 
Bermondsey. 



ST. THOMAS'S HOSPITAL. 

Richard, Prior of Bermondsey, with the consent 
of the Convent, built an Almshouse or Hospital 
on the plot of ground belonging to the cellarer or 
bursar, and adjoining to the walls of the Priory, 
for the use of converts and poor children, and 
dedicated it to St. Thomas, of Canterbury. It 
was under the government of the almoner of the 
house, and exempt, as the Priory itself was, from 
all Episcopal jurisdiction This house, on account 
of its being dedicated to St. Thomas, and founded 
about the same time, hath been confounded by 
Stow and others with the present Hospital of that 
name, which originally joined to, or was a part of, 
the Priory of St. Mary Overie, and was removed, 
1228, to the place on which it now stands, on the 
Eastern side of the Borough. 

' Reyner ut supra, p.p. 135-136. 
* Lambard's Diet. p. 46. 



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HI 
•£ 1 



§ I 
St 



1=1 



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ST. SAVIOUR'S HOSPITAL. 

A^nes, the sister of Thomas k Beckett, Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury, and widow of Thomas Fitz- 
Theobald de H6ili, gave to the Hospital of St. 
Saviour, in Bermondsey, ten shillings of annual 
rent issuing out of her estate in London, in the 
parish of Stanying Cherche, at Blanche Apulture, 
in the tenure of William Cook, which Theobald 
her son confirmed to them. Bishop Tanner hath 
inferred from the words of this donation, that here 
was another Hospital in Bermondsey dedicated to 
our Saviour ; but as there are no records which 
give any account of such a foundation, and the 
Hospital last mentioned, though dedicated to St. 
Thomas, might with great propriety be called St. 
Saviour's, as belonging to the Priory of that name, 
and built within its precints, we may reasonably 
suppose they were one and the same, and that the 
sister was moved to this act of charity by a pious 
regard to the memory of her brother, the patron 
thereof. 

There were other buildings belonging to the 
Monastery, or some part of the mansion erected 
by Sir Thomas Pope on the site of it, as he pulled 
down the Conventual buildings for that purpose, 
and to supply him with materials. This mansion 
house stood on the site of ground between Grange 
Walk and Long Walk. One of the most an- 
cient houses had an arched- door way walled up. 
The cloisters could not be traced, though they 

d2 



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probably stood north west adjoining this row of 
houses. 

The North Gate-house of the Abbey led into 
Bermondsey Square, (which is completely sur- 
rounded by modern houses). It was taken down 
in the year 1805. 

The West Gate faced Long Lane at the corner 
of the present churchyard. 

. The East Gate, in Grange Walk, was taken 
down about the year 1760; and there is still 
remaining an old square fronted house built chiefly 
of stone, where the hooks are still to be seen on 
which the gates hung. 

The small portion of the Abbey Walls yet re- 
maining is on the South side ; and a fragment of 
the same Wall on the North side of Long Walk. 
The latter being part of that which surrounded 
the Conventual Churchyard. 

On the South side of Bermondsey Square is a 
passage called Grange Walk, which received its 
denomination from 

THE GRANGE, 

Which was a small building of brick, situate at 
the East end of this (Grange) Walk, and was 
probably a granary or storehouse for the provisions 
of corn, &c. for the use of the Monastery. A long 
brick wall ran south and north, and was probably 
the line of separation betwen the Abbey and its 
Grange. 



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ANECDOTE OF THE MONKS OF 
BERMONDSEY. 

The following is from Sir William Masgrove's 
Biographical Tracts, in the British Museum, the 
truth of which cannot be vouched for. After giving 
a short description of the ferry at London Bridge, 
and the life and sudden death of old John Overs, 
the rich ferryman, it continues thus : — ''This John 
Overs was a man of a covetous disposition, through 
which he was excommunicated by the church. 
At his death his daughter (an only child), had to 
provide for his interment, for he was not permitted 
to have Christian burial on account of his extra- 
ordinary usury. The monks of Bermondsey Abbey 
were however prevailed upon by money, their 
Abbot being then away, to give a little earth to the 
remains of the wretched ferryman. But upon the 
Abbot's return, observing a grave which had been 
but recently covered in, and learning who lay there, 
he was not only angry with his monks for having 
done such an injury to the church for the sake of 
gain, but he also had the body taken up again, 
laid on the back of his own ass, and, turning the 
animal out of the abbey gates, desired of God that 
he might carry him to some place where he best 
deserved to be buried. The ass proceeded with a 
gentle and solemn pace through Kent Street, and 
along the highway to the small pond now called 
St. Thomas a Waterings, then the common place 
of execution, and shook off the ferryman's body 



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directly under the gibbet, where it was put under 
the ground without any kind of ceremony." 

Robert Chause, the king's chaplain, was conse- 
crated Bishop of Carlisle, by the Bishop of Bath 
and Wells, at Bermondsey Priory, April 22nd, 
J 258. 

The Prior and Convent, who had a park and 
other lands adjoining the bank of the Thames, 
called Rotherhithe Wall, sustained such damage 
from an inundation in 1309, by a breach in those 
parts, that they were exempted from a purveyance 
of hay, com, &c. 

The Prior and Convent were obliged to find a 
competent maintenance for the Earl of Gloucester 
and his heirs, whenever they should come hither; 
and Ralph, Earl of Stafford, in particular, who 
married Margaret, daughter and heir of Hugh de 
Audley, Earl of Gloucester, is said to have died 
31st August, 46th Edward IIL, seized in demesne 
as of fee of an apartment or lodging within this 
Priory. A remote ancestor of the Earl of Glou- 
cester, in the 19th Stephen, had given the advow- 
son of Camberwell to the Convent;* which was 
ratified to them by Richard de Clare, Earl of 
Gloucester, a descendant of his, in 33rd Henry 
III.* For this and other services, their pos- 
terity enjoyed this appointment in the nature of a 
corrody. 

The Bishops of Winchester did formerly claim of 

* Chron. Berm. Mon. Aug. 1, 640. Dugdale Bar. 1, 586. 
■ Chron. Berm. Mon. Aug. I, 641. 



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this Convent an annual procuration, or entertain- 
ment, for one day, when they held their visitations 
in this part of their diocese; but on a revival of this 
claim, A.D. 1276, by Nicholas de Ely, then bishop, 
the Convent pleaded an exemption. The bi$hop 
contested it; and at length a compromise took 
place on the following conditions, viz. : That the 
Prior and Convent, and their successors, on the 
first coming of every bishop of Winchester to Ber- 
mondsey, after his installation, should^ in token of 
their regard for him as their diocesian, meet him 
in procession ; and in lieu of the procuration or 
entertainment, should pay unto him and to his 
successors five marks of silver for that time at his 
house in Southwark; and in every succeeding 
year two marks and a half at Michaelmas. More- 
over, that whenever it should happen that the 
bishop should go beyond sea, the said Prior and 
Convent should receive him in procession on his 
return. 

Matilda, daughter of Guy de Beauchamp, Earl 
of Warwick, and wife of Geffrey, Baron Say, after 
her husband s decease, which happened 26th June, 
1359,^ 33rd Edward III., retired to a manse in this 
neighbourhood called De la More, where she had 
license from the bishop, 18th October, 1363, to 
erect an oratory or chapel. 

The Bishop of Ely, in 1377, excommunicated 
certain persons for stealing a hawk from its perch 
in the cloisters of this Priory — a proof of the 

> Dttgdale Bar. 1, 512. 



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estimation in which this bird was held by persons 
of ranii at that period. 

(/atherine, Queen of Henry V., retired to this 
Monastery^ for safety, or was sent here under some 
restraint, in the year 1436, owing to a strong 
$u8picion of the Queen's connexion with Owen 
^udor, (a gentleman of Welsh extraction) which 
seems to have been first excited in the minds of 
Henry Fifth's guardians. The event is supposed 
to have occurred just after the birth of the Princess 
Margaret (who lived but a few days). Anxiety of 
mind soon threw the Queen into delicate health, 
and she remained very ill in the apartments of this 
Monastery during the summer. On 1st of January, 
1437, she received a token of remembrance from 
her son, King Henry, consisting of a tablet of gold, 
weighing thirteen ounces, on which was a crucifix 
set with pearls and sapphires; it was bought 
of John Patlesbury, goldsmith, and was sent to 
the Queen at this Abbey.* She died here on 3rd 
January, 1437,' and on 18th February following 
her body was removed from hence to the church 
of her patroness St. Katherine, by the Tower, 
where it laid for a short time in state, and was 
finally buried at Westminster.* On the 9th of 
July following, Jane, late Queen of England, 

* Scanning, Kennet's Hist. Eng., Stow, Speed. 
' Lives of the Qaeens of England. 

' Stow 's Annals. 

• Camden's Regis. &c. in Eccl. Westm. Sepulti, p. 13, where 
see her epitaph. 



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daughter of the King of Navarre, and wife to King 
Henry IV., died in the manor of Havering k Bowzie, 
in Essex, from whence she was removed to this 
Monastery,* and finally conveyed to Canterbury, 
where she was solemnly interred by King Henry 
IV., her husband. 

Elizabeth Woodville, Queen Dowager of Edward 
IV. died at this abbey. Historians* assert " that 
she was cloistered here by order of King Henry 
VII., her son-in-law, owing to his hatred of the 
House of York, and that it was thought almost 
dangerous to visit or see her ;" they likewise in- 
form us, " that she was stripped of everything she 
possessed, and that by far-fetched pretences, such 
as that she had delivered her two daughters out 
of sanctuary to Richard contrary to promise, and 
many others equally frivolous." It does not appear, 
however, that such was the case : for the last time 
she appeared in public was in a situation of the 
highest dignity ;* viz., when she received the 
French Ambassador in great state, assisted by 
Margarett, the King's mother, towards the close of 
the year 1489, and in the year following Henry 
presented her with an annuity of £400.* No 
surrender of lands of equal value has yet been 
discovered, neither can it be supposed that she 
was placed here under restraint. Here she had 

' Stow 's Annals. 

' Bacon. Londina Illustrata. 

* Her daughter, the Queen Consort, had taken to her chamber 
previously to her accouchement. 

* Memoir of Elizabeth of York, by Sir Narry Nicolas. 



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every right to be, not as a prisoner, but as a 
highly honoured inmate ; for the Prior and Monks 
of Bermondsey were solemnly bound by the deeds 
of their charter, to find hospitality for the repre- 
sentatives of their great founder, Clare, Earl of 
Gloucester, in the staterooms of the convent. 
Edward IV. was heir to the Clares, and Elizabeth, 
as his widow, had every right to appropriate' the 
apartments expressly reserved for the use of their 
founder. It was the custom likewise in the middle 
ages for royal persons to seek monastic seclusion, 
when health declined, not only for devotional pur- 
poses, but for medical advice, and where could 
Elizabeth better retire than to the convent bound 
by its charter to receive her ? Eighteen months 
after she was seized with a fatal illness at Ber- 
mondsey, and on her death-bed dictated her will, 
of which the following is a copy:^~ 

** In Dei nomine Amen. The x day of April, 
the yere of our Lord God M.CCCC.LXXXII. I 
Elizabeth, by the grace of God, Queue of England, 
late wif to the most victoriouse Prince of Blessed 
Memorie, Edward the fourth, being of holy mynde, 
seying the world so transitorie, and no creature 
certayne whanne they shall departe from hence, 
havying Almyghty Gode freshh in mynde, in 

' " Catherine, Qaeen of Henry V. occupied them, it is true, 
as a prisoner, simply because her persecutor, Cardinal Beaufort, 
had episcopal authority over the convent, and chose to detain 
her in his own diocese ; but Elizabeth Woodville had a right of 
property there." — Lives of the Queens of England. 

' Londina lllustrata. 



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whom is all mercy and grace, bequeith my sowle 
into his hands, beseechyng htm of the same mercy 
to accept it graciously, and our blessed Lady, 
Queue of Comfort, and all the holy companie of 
hevyn, to be good meanes forme. It'm, I bequeith 
my body to be buried with the body of my lord at 
Windesore, according to the will of my said lord, 
and myne without pompes entreing or costlie ex- 
pensis donne thereabout. It m, where I have no 
worldly goodes to do the Queue s Grace, my dear- 
est daughter, a pleaser with, neither to reward 
any of my children accordyng to my harte and 
mynde, I besech Almyghty Gode to bless her 
Grace, with all her noble issue, and with as good 
harte and mynde as is to me possible, I give her 
grace my blessing and all the foresay'd my chil- 
dren. It'm, I will that such sroale stuff and goodes 
that I have be disposed truly in the contec'on of 
my dettes and for the healthe of my sowle, as farre 
as they will extend. It'm, yf any of my bloode 
will any of the sayde stuffe or goodes to me per- 
tayning, I will that they have the prefermente 
before any other. And of this my present testa- 
ment I make and ordeyne myne executores, that is 
to say : John Ingleby, Prior of the Chartour-house 
of Shene; William Sulton and Thomas Brente, 
Doctors ; and I beseche my saide derest daughter 
the Quene's Grace, and my son Thomas, Marquis 
Dorsett, to put their goode willes and help for the 
performance of this my testamente. In witness 
whereof to this my present testamente I have sett 



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my seale, these witnesses, John, Abbot of the 
Monasterie of St. Saviour of Bermondsey, and 
Benedictus Cunn, Doctour of Fyske, yeven the 
day and year abovesay'd." 

Her daughters attended her death-bed, and paid 
her affectionate attention ; the Queen alone was 
prevented, having taken to her chamber prepara- 
tory to the birth of the princess Margarett. ^Her 
will shews that she died destitute of personal pro- 
perty, but that is no proof of previous persecution,* 
since several of our Queens, who were possessed 
of the undivided dower appanage, died not much 
richer.^ In 1810, when the place of sepulchre for 
George the Thirds family was pre[)aring at 
Windsor, a stone coffin containing the body of 
Elizabeth Woodville was discovered, fifteen feet 
below the surface. 



INDENTURE BETWEEN THE KING AND 
THE MONKS OF BERMONDSEY 

An Indenture was executed on 26th August, 
1516," between the King, the Mayor and Common- 
ality of the City of London, the Abbot and Convent 

' She was an example of a great variety of fortune ; — ^from a 
distressed suitor and desolate widow (she was the widow of Sir 
John Gray), taken in marriage by a bachelor king after Eklward's 
death, she lived to see her brother beheaded, her two sons 
deposed, bastardised, aud cruelly murdered; bat during this time 
she enjoyed her liberty, estate, and fortune. — Bacon, 

* Lives of the Queens of England. 

' Pat. 8 Hen. VIII, p. 1. supr. citat. 



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of St. Peter, Westminster, and the Abbot and 
Convent of St. Saviour's, Bermondsey, for holding 
an anniversary in the Abbey Church of Bermond- 
sey, on the 6th of February, to pray for the good 
estate of the king during his life, and the prosperity 
of his realm ; also for the souls of his wife, late 
queen, and their children ; for the souls of his 
father and mother, on payment of the annual sum 
of £3. 6s 8d, and if it remained unpaid for twenty- 
one days the Abbot and Convent of Westminster 
were to forfeit £5. 6s 8d. exclusive of the above 
sum of £3. 6s. 8d. The deed also contains direc- 
tions in what manner it is to be solemnized, of 
which the following is an extract : — 

" The Abbot and Convent of St. Saviour of Bermondsey 
shall provide at eu'y suche annuisare an herse, to be sett in 
the myddes of the high chancell of the same monasterie 
before the High Aulter co'ved and appareled w* the best 
and most honorable stuff in the said monasterie convenyent 
for the same. And also four tap's of wex, eu'y of them 
weighing viii^^ to be sett about the same herse, that is to say 
on either side thereof o'on taper, and at either end of the 
said herse another taper. And all the same four tap's to be 
light and bu'ying contynually during all the time of eu'y 
such Placebo, Dirige, w* nyne lessons, laudes, and masse of 
Req'ui, w* the prayers & obie'ances above rehersed. And 
ymmediately eu'y of the same high masses songen and 
fynished, the Abbot of the sayd Monasterie of Seynt Sau'yor 
of Bermondeseye if he be pre'nt, & the convet of the same. 
And in his absence and in the time of vacacion, the prior of 
the same monasterie, and the convet of the same shall goo 
togedir in order to the said herse, in most soleyn'e & devout 



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wyse, & they so goying thereunto and stonding thereabout 
shall devoutly and solemply sing this respond, "Libera 
med'ne de morte etna," and w* the usus accustumed there- 
unto, and after that ymmediately they and there sey the 
psalme " in profundis clamavi " w* the oracio'ns accustomed 
thereunto, w* lyke speciall collect as been appoynted to be 
said at eu'y Placebo, Dirige, & Laudes, as well in the life of 
our said sou'vain lord the knyg, as after his decease in forme 
afore rehersed. And that the said convet and abbot of the 
sayd Monasterie of Seynt Sau'yor of Bermundeseye & their 
successors shall cause the bell of the said monasterie to be 
solemply rongen to and eu'y of the same annui'saries dury- 
ing the tyme of the pan'ie of Placebo^ Dirige, Laudes & 
masse of req'ui, w* ora'cons, prayers, obsyung and serymo- 
nies belonging thereunto in lyke manner & forme as they 
doo or use to doo to, and at the most solempne annuis'arie 
or obite holden & kept in the same monasterie. And that 
eu'y monk then beying in the same monasterie prest and 
pre'nt at the sayd annuis'arie shall in eu'y day of eu'y suche 
annuis'arie sey masse of re'qui, except such as shall be letted 
by sickness and such as be'n bounden to sey other masses in 
the same monasterie the same day." 

The Seal of the Abbey attached to the above is 
large and of a round form^ the impression in red 
wax. 

The Arms of the Priory and Abbey were borne 
two different ways — 1st, party purpale, azure, and 
gules, within a border argent. The same sur- 
charged with a lion passant gardant, holding in 
his paw a pastoral staff erect, surmounted with a 
mitre. Or within a border argent, sem^ of B for 



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Bermondsey. This augmentation was probably 
given on the Priory being advanced to an Abbey. 
In the year 1804 there vrere a great many 
fragments of the foundation of the Monastery 
remaining, probably more than any religious edifice 
in or near London, owing to its remote situation. 
The principal entrance, called the gate-house, was 
then nearly entire, the front was composed of 
party-coloured tiles. 

ROYAL PALACE. 

There had been anciently a Royal Palace* in 
Bermondsey adjoining to the Monastery. It 
appears to have been the residence of some of our 
early princes from the time of Henry I, that mo- 
narch giving a portion of it to the Monks of the 
Abbey for the enlarg-ement of their cloister,* re- 
serving the rest to himself. King John* has been 
supposed to have kept his Palace here, and that 
it was a seat of our early English princes seems 
to be confirmed from the following passage:* — 
" Bermondseiam videlicet in suburbio Trans Tha- 
misaeno seu ultra flumen Thamesis posito quod 
Southwarkam vocant, sitam. Hanc esse in Cata- 
logo et BuUis scimus et fuisse Cluniacensium 
Prioratum agnoscimus fundatum quidem ab Ad wino 
Child, seu Infante (nomen est familiae) cive Lon- 
dinensi circa annum 108 L Subjectum que in 
ipsa fundatione Prioratum de Charitate; postea 

' Londina lUustrata. ' Lewis' Topographical Dictionary. 
' Aubrey. * Reyner. 



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leginius ad annum 1090. CoUatum a Rege Hen- 
rico fuisse huic prioratui Manerium sive Palatium 
Bermondseiae, et Ecclesiam in eo Edificatam."^ 
It has been considered by some antiquarians 
rather as the original site, than as it was in reality 
only an appendage of the Monastery. 

King Henry H, immediately after his first coro- 
nation, held his Parliament here at Christmas, 
1154.« 

The Rood or Cross of Bermondset, to which 
pilgrimages were occasionally made, is stated to 
have been found near the Thames in 1117. In 
an ancient diary of a citizen," who lived in the 
reigns of Henry VII and VIII, we have the follow- 
ing notice of the taking down of the Rood of 
Bermondsey in 1558, in the mayoralty of Sir 
Richard Gresham. — "M. Gresham mayr. On 
Saint Mathies day thapostull the xxiiij day of 
February, Sonday, did the Bishop of Rochester 
preche at Polls Cross, and bad standying afore 
hym all his sermon tyme the pictor of the Rood of 
Grace in Kent, and was greatly sought with pil- 

^ Bermondsey, situate on the opposite side of the Thames 
(from London) in a place called Soathwark. From the Cata- 
logues et Bollise we find that a priory of the Cluniac order was 
founded about the year 1081, by one Aylwin Child* a Citizen of 
London, and npon that foundation depended a priory de Charitate. 
After this we read that the Pdace of Bermondsey was bestowed 
upon this priory by King Henry I, and a church built near it. 

* Brady ii. 298. 

* Preserved among the CottonianM«SS. in the British Museum. 
Vesp. A. XXV, fol. 41-6. 



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gryms, and when he had made an end of his 
sermon the pictur was torn all to peces ; then was 
the pictur of Saynt Saviour that had stand in 
Barmsey Abbey many years in Southwarke takyn 
down." 

In the grounds that belonged to the late James 
Riley, Esq. (situate at the end of the present 
churchyard), a pyramid was erected for the purpose 
of receiving the Saxon cross, and one half of the 
diagonals belonging to the line of wall of the 
Abbey. A small square Roman tablet was also 
placed above the cross with the following notice — 
" This Obelisk was erected by James Riley, A.D. 
1806; with stones of the ancient Abbey of Ber- 
mondsey, to perpetuate the ornaments used 
therein." 

THE CONVENTUAL CHURCH. 

The Conventual Church of St. Saviour's of 
Bermondsey occupied the ground between Long 
Walk and the present churchyard of St. Mary 
Magdalen ; tradition even reports that hereabouts 
was a churchyard belonging to the aforesaid 
church. 

In digging the foundation of the wall which en- 
closes the present churchyard in Abbey Street, 
many bones were found ; some lying in the order in 
which they were interred, not having been dis- 
turbed before; and the late Mr. Ash, leather- 
dresser, who then resided in Long Walk, in sink- 
ing some pits found a stone coffin containing 



Dinitizprl hv 



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50 

bones, and these circumstances help to confirm 
the opinion that the Conventual Church stood on 
the ground above stated. 

It appears to have been founded by Aylwin 
Child, who dedicated it to our Saviour. 

The Doomsday Record, which was begun in a 
year or two after, speaks of it as then newly erected, 
and as a beautiful structure ; but no traces of it 
have been preserved whereby we may form a 
judgment of its size or style of building. It was 
taken down by Sir Thomas Pope, after he had 
purchased the site of the abbey, in 1541, and the 
materials disposed of, as hath been already related 
in the foregoing account of the manor. 

The following Persons were buried in this 
Church:^ — 

Adelaide or Adelize, daughter of the Countess of Beau- 
mont in France, wife of Hugh de Grentmaisnil, was 
interred here in the time of William Rufus or Henry I. 

William, Earl of Moreteign and Cornwall, son of Robert, 
who possessed a hide of land in the manor of Ber- 
mondsey at the time of the general survey, was also 
interred here in the beginning of Henry the Krst's 
reign. 

Mary, daughter of Malcolm third. King of Scotland, sister 

of Maud, wife of Henry I, died 18th April, 1115, and 

was buried in this church, with the following inscription 

on her tomb: — 

Nobilis his tumulata jacet Comitissa Maria Actibus haec 

nituit; larga, benigna, fuit. Regum sanguis erat; morum 

probitate vigebat, Compatiens inopi in arce PoH. 

' Stow. 



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LousTANE Provost, Shrive or Doorasman of London, 
1115. 

Sir Thomas Bowks, Knt. ; and Dame Elizabeth, his wife. 

Sir Thomas Pikeworth, Knt. 

Dame Anne Audley bequeathed her body to be laid here 
by her will dated in November, 1497, and would have 
a priest to pray for the souls of John, late Lord Audley, 
her husband; and James, late Lord Audley, her son; 
and John Rogers, late her husband; George, son to 
John, Lord Audley. 

John Winkefield, Esq. 

Sir Nicholas Blonkett, Knt. 

Dame Bridget, wife to William Trussel Holgrave, Barou 
of the Exchequer. 

Margarett de la Pole appears to have been buried here ; 
for by her will (made 12th Edward IV, and proved 
1473,) she bequeathed her body to be laid here, in the 
Chapel called the Virgin's Chapel, on the left hand of 
the altar. 



Funeral Procession of Thomas Ratcliffe, Earl 
of Sussex, who died at Bermondsey House. 

The following account of the Funeral Procession 
of Thomas RatclifTe, Earl of Sussex, and Lord 
Chamberlain to Queen Elizabeth, who died at 
Bermondsey House in the year 1583, is taken 
from Stow in his summary of the Chronicles 
of England.— '' On the ninth of June (1583), 
deceased Thomas RatclifTe, Earl of Sussex, Lorde 
Chamberlaine to her Majestic, a Knight of the 
Garter, at Bermondsey beside London ; and was 
on the eighth of July following conveyed through 

e2 



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the same City of London toward Newhall in Essex 
there to be buried. First went before him forty- 
five poore men in blacke gownes, then on horse- 
back 120 serving men in blacke coats, then 25 in 
blacke gownes or cloakes, besides the Heraldes at 
Arms; then the deceased Earle in a charriot 
covered with blacke velvet, drawn by foure goodly 
geldings, next after was led the Earle's steed 
covered with blacke velvet, then Sir Henrie 
Batcliffe the succeeding Earle, chiefe mourner, 
and eight other lords all in blacke ; then the Lord 
Major and Aldermen of London riding in murrey ; 
and then on foot the Gentlemen of Graie's Inn, 
and last of all the Merchant Tailors in their livery, 
for that the said Earle was a brother of their com- 
pany, as many Noblemen and famous Princes, 
Kings of this realm before him, had been." By a 
codicil annexed to his will dated 21st May, 1583, 
ordered that his executors should keep house at 
Bermondsey twenty days after his interment, 
on which they were to expend i£1500, and no 
more. But the funeral charges alone came to 
£1629. 5s. O^d.; and the expences of house-keep- 
ing to i£159. 8s. 2d. The inventory of his effects 
at this place amounted to i£1585. Mr. Walpole 
informs us that he bequeathed £1500 to be ex- 
pended on his tomb only; and that Sir Christopher 
Wray, Lord Chief Justice of the Queen's Bench, 
Sir Gilbert Gerard, Master of the Rolls, Sir 
Thomas Mildmay, and others, his executors, 
agreed with Richard Stephens for the making and 



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"lln^j'u. i.urxc h.j.-Klf'r^Lbin-, 



WEST mOWT m S^MMIY MA.G]MLEK1IEMMON©SIEYo 



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setting it up in Boreham Church, in Essex, where 
it still remains. This Stephens was a Dutch sta- 
tuary, painter and medallist, and no common artist 
The figures on the tomb are of his execution, and 
in a good style ; and the whole charge paid to him 
for his part of the work was £292. 12s. 8d ' 

There are some traces in the parish register of 
the family of the Earls of Sussex residing here in 
1595, but the name has not been met with in any 
title-deeds or records relating to the site of the 
Abbey. Perhaps the Sussex family were possessors 
of those premises which had belonged to our Lady 
of Pouncival, and which were granted by Edward 
VI. to Edward Lord Clinton and Say.* 

THE PARISH CHURCH. 

The first Parochial Church here, of which we 
have any account, was situate where the present 
is, on the east side of Berraondsey Street, north- 
ward and contiguous to the priory. It was dedi- 
cated to Saint Mary Magdalen, and is supposed to 
have been erected by the convent for the use of 
their servants and tenants, and at length to have 
been made parochial for the benefit of the neigh- 
bourhood in general. The date of its foundation 
is not known ; but it was probably in the reign of 
Edward II. A turret was added to this church 
in 1519, and a south aisle in 1610. But the body 
of the fabric becoming ruinous, and part of it 

' Dugdale Bar. 2, 287. Anecdotes of Painting I, 160. 
* Lyson. 



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having actually fallen in 1680, the whole was, the 
same year, taken down and rebuilt at the expense 
of the parishioners. 

The present structure, erected in 1680, is of 
brick work, covered with plaister, having quoins, 
with door and window cases of stone. The roof 
is camerated, supported by Tuscan columns, and 
covered with tiles. The galleries have oak fronts, 
adorned with cherubims, fruit-leaves, &c. The 
pulpit and pews are well made, of the same sort 
of timber with which the walls are wainscoated, 
near eight feet high. The whole consisting of a 
nave and two aisles, is floored with bricks, except 
about the communion-table, where it is paved with 
black and white marble. The altar piece was 
adorned with a cornice and large compass pedi- 
ment. The decalogue, in two tablets, is placed 
between the paternoster and creed, and these be- 
tween the figures of Moses and Aaron. The 
length of this Church is 76 feet, the breadth 61 
feet; the heighth to the roof 30 feet; and the 
tower, which contains a clock and three bells, is 
80 feet high. 

The South Gallery was erected, and the Church 
repaired, at the expense of the parishioners, A.D. 
1793. The west front of the Church, with the 
tower, was repaired and beautified, and the large 
ancient Gothic window restored after the designs, 
and under the superintendence, of George Porter, 
Architect, A.D. 1830. 

Among the Communion Plate belonging to this 



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Church is a very curious ancient silver Salver, 
now used for the collection of the alms, a drawing 
of which was exhibited in 1831, before the Society 
of Antiquaries, by Jno. Buckler, Esq., F.S.A. 
On the centre piece is a beautiful chased engraving 
of a Knight kneeling before a female, who is about 
to place a helmet on his head. The scene is the 
gate of a castle or town. From the long pointed 
soleretts of the Knight, the roundills before his 
armpits, and the form of his helmet, this fine 
specimen of ancient art may be assigned to the 
reign of Edward II. It is presumed this article 
belonged to the Abbey of Bermondsey, and was 
thence transferred, by purchase or otherwise, to 
the Parish. 

MONUMENTAL INSCRIPTIONS 

ON THE NORTH SIDE OF THE COMMUNION TABLE ^— 

0tav 

This place lies interred 

the Body of Nathaniel Roffey, Esq. of 

this Parish, who died 22nd June, 1733, 

Aged 50 Years. 

He was High Sheriff for this 

County, in the year 1720. 

Also the Body of 

Mrs. Mary Roffey, his wife, 

who died 25th March. 1765, Aged 83; 

with ten of their Children. 

This Monument is erected 

by their three Surviving Sons, 

James, William, and Samuel. 



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Sacred 

to the memory of 

Elizabeth, 

wife of Mr. Hemy Gaitskell, 

of the Paragon, New Kent Road, 

formerly of this parish ; 

she departed this life 

the 26th July, 1822, 

In the 53rd year of her age. 

The souls of the righteous are in the hands of God, 

and there shall no torment touch them. 

In the sight of the unwise they seemed to die, 

but they are in peace. — Wisdom, Ch. iii. 1, 2, 3. 

The remains of the above are deposited in the vault beneath, 

together with her three infant children, 

Alicia, who died 19th July, 1796, aged 4 months; 

Henry, who died 10th May, 1800, aged 6 months; 

Eliza Jane, who died 20th February, 1801, aged 12 hours. 

John Frederick, third son of the above, 

of the Hon. E. I. C. Civil Service, 

died at Muttra, Bengal, 

on 12th September, 1833, aged 22 years. 

Sacred likewise to the memory of 

Mr. Henry Gaitskell, 

of Abbey Road, St. John's Wood, formerly of this Parish, 

whose remains are placed in the same vault with his wife and 

children. 
He departed this Ufe 4th March, 1836, aged 68. 

The advice and a£Pection of such invaluable parents 
are deeply engraven on the hearts of their surviving children, 
who sorrow not even as others, which have no hope, for if 
we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so them also 



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which sleep in Jesus will God bring witji him. — 1 Thess. iv. 
13, 14. 

" Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but 
according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of 
regeneration and renewing of the Holy Ghost." — Titus m. 6. 

" Jesus said I am the way the truth and the life ; no man 
cometh unto the Father but by me." — John xiv. 6. 

" All that the Father giveth me shall come to me ; and 
him that cometh to me I will in no wise cast out. — John 
yl 37. 

He has left a widow to mourn his irreparable loss. 



Sacred to the Memory 

of the Reverend Henry Cox Mason, M.A., 

Curate, Lecturer, and afterwards Rector of this Parish, 

A faithful and eloquent Preacher of the Gospel, 

A Benevolent and useful man, 

possessing deservedly 

the esteem of the public, and friendship of his Parishioners. 

He died February 3rd, 1804, fully assured of being 

" a Sinner sav'd by grace," 

in the forty-ninth year of his age. 

Also of Mary Mason, relict of the above Rev. Henry Cox Mason, 
who departed this life March 17, 1832, aged 79 years. 

Sacred 

to the Memory of 

Beriah Drew, Esq. 

who, for a period of 46 years, filled the office of 

Vestry Clerk of this Parish, 

by election of the inhabitants. 

And departed this life the 24th April, 1829, 

in the 77th year of his age. 



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Also of Jane, relict of the above, 

who died 25th October, 1834, in the 76th year of her age. 

This monument is erected by 

their surviving children, 

as a tribute of affectionate respect to 

two of the best of parents. 

Let us not be weary in well doing. 

Sacred 

to the memory of Joseph Watson, LL.D. who for 

more than thirty-seven years held the important situation 

of teacher to the first public institution in this country 

for the education of the Deaf and Dumb, which was established 

in this Parish A.D. 1792. The institution commenced with 

only 6 pupils, 

and he was spared, by Divine Providence, 

to devote his talents to the instruction of more than 

one thousand. 

The difficulties which he had to encounter he overcame by a 

proportionate industry, and the success which attended 

his exertions 

was witnessed by the attainments of his pupils, and the honorable 

and useful stations which many of them occupied in society. 

To the future instructors of the Deaf and Dumb 

he has afforded a convincing proof 

that gentleness will create teachableness, 

and that firmness will supply the place of severity. 

He died 23rd November, 1829, aged 63. 

On a black marble under the Communion — 

Where once the famous Elton did intrust 

The preservation of his sacred dust. 

Lies pious Whittaker ; both justly twin'd. 

Both dead, one grave, both living had one mind. 

And by their dissolution have supply'd 

The hungry Grave, and Fame and Heaven beside. 



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This stone protects their bones ; while Fame enrolls 
These deathless names, and Heaven embrace their souls. 
The said Whittaker departed this life 1st June, 1654, 
Aged 66 years. 

Here lyeth the body of 

Mr. William Williams, 

who had to wife Susanna, daughter of 

Mr. Thomas Goble, 

with whom he lived 37 yeares, in the feare of God, 

and had issue 3 sonnes and 3 daughters, 

and dyed in the faith of Christ, 

November 22nd, Ann. Dom. 1661, 

being the 69th year of his age. 

Here lyeth the body of 

Susanna, 

the wife of William Williams, 

who lived in the feare of God, and died in the faith 

of Jesus Christ, departed this life 

February 24th, Anno Dom. 1664, aged 44, 

Thus youth and age, and all things pass away. 

Thy turn is now, as hures was yesterday. 

On the south side of the Communion Table — 

Near 

This place lies interred 

the remains of 

Mr. Daniel Jennings, 

late of this parish, 

who departed this life the 10th day of September, 1770, 

Aged 47 years. 

Also Ann his wife, 
who died February 8th, 17^. Aged 77 years. 



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Sacred to the memory 

of Mrs. Dorothy Darnell^ 

wife of Mr. William Darnell, 

of Hail- Weston, in the county of Huntingdon, 

died Aug. 11th, 1788, 

Aged 53 years. 

Elizabeth Joanna died May, 1781, 
Aged 15 years.) 

Mrs. Priscilla Pine died Nov. 23. 1794, 

Aged 24 years. 

Daughters of the above. 

Also the above Mr. William Darnell 
died September 21st, 1810, aged 78 years. 

Mr. William Darnell, of this parish, 

son of the above, 

died February 5th, 1815, aged 52 years. 



Also to the memory 

of Mr. James Robson, of this parish, 

died July 28th, 1807. aged 63 years, 

a man universally respected. 

Mrs. Katherine Robson, wife of the above, 
died July 22nd, 1830. Aged 87 years. 

Mr. William Robson, son of the above, 
died October 28, 1830. Aged 47 years. 



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He rests 
in peace. 

To the memory of 

Mr. Ralph Page, 

late of this Parish, 

who departed this life December 22nd, 1819, 

in the 74th year of his agQ. 

" Blessed is the memory of the just." 

Also Ralph Page, son of the above, 
died November 1 Ith, 1833, in the 61st year of his age. 

Also Rachael Page, great grandchild of the above, 
died November 7, 1833, aged 8 years. 

Also William Stone Page, 
died December 12th, 1833, aged 9 months. 

Sacred to the memory of 

Elizabeth 

the beloved wife of John Gibson, Esq., formerly of Ramsgate, 

and the honored mother of the Rev. J. E. Gibson, 

Rector of this Parish, 

who died October 1st, 1834, s^ed 66 years, 

deeply and deservedly regretted. 

In the several relations of domestic and social life 

she ever proved herself the tender parent, 

the faithful consort, the warm and disinterested friend, 

the humble- minded and sincere Christian. 

To all within the sphere of her influence she so endeared herself, 

by her mild and unassuming manner, her goodness of heart, 

her integrity and consistency of conduct, 

that it is difficult to say, whether she lived most 

in the affections of her family or friends. 



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He who knew her worth, and feels but too sensibly her loss, 

inscribes this tablet, 

inadequate as it is to do justice to her virtues, 

in grateful acknowledgment of a life 

unceasingly devoted to his comfort and happiness, 

and the welfare of her children. 

Also of Sophia Gibson, daughter of the aforesaid, who 
died April 10th, 1836, aged 38 years. 

And of the above-named John Gibson, Esq. 

who died October 29, 1836, 

Aged 81 Years. 

" The righteous shall be had in everlasting remembrance." 

P«. 112. 



In the Family Vault behind the Chancel 

are deposited the remains of 

Miss Mary Ann Field, 

who departed this life 2nd February, 1827, aged 22. 

Oh lost too soon ! in Beauty's earliest bloom, 
Tom from our love, and hurried to the tomb ; 
Closed are those eyes that beam'd with heavenly truth. 
Gone like a dream, the promise of thy youth. 
Yet in the hallowed dust, where never maid 
More fair, more loved, more innocent, was laid. 

All peace be thine ! Await th' Almighty will. 

Then rise to endless life, an angel still. 



Sacred to the memory 

of John Meek, 

of this Parish, who departed this life May 24, 1814» 

Aged 45 Years. 



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Also Sarah Meek, relict of the above, 

who died and was interred at Northallerton, Yorkshire, 

August 19th, 1821, aged 45 years. 

" Be ye likewise ready." 

In a vault behind the Chancel 

are deposited the remains of 

Mrs. Elizabeth Hardwidge, wife of Mr. James Hardwidge, 

Needle-maker to her Majesty Queen Charlotte, 

died 4th day of September, 1811, 

in the 46th year of her age. 

As a good wife and an exemplary mother, 

her loss will be long deplored by her 

surviving family and friends. 

Also Artemisia, eldest daughter of the 

above, died 31st March, 1804, 

who, moulded in nature's fairest form, 

the delight of her parents and friends, gifted 

with sensibility and every virtuous attraction, 

was taken from hence to a better world in 

the short space of 14 days' illness, which was 

spent in piety and resignation to her Maker's 

will, in the 18th year of her age. 

Also 6 others of their children, 
who died in their infancy. 

Also the above Mr. James Hardwidge, 
died 7th July, 1819, aged 63 years. 

In a vault beneath 

lie the mortal remains of 

Charles Fox, 

Formerly of Bishops-Waltham, Hants., 

and late of the Grange, Bermondsey, 



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who left this world for a better 

on the 27 th day of March, 1823, 

In the 44th year of his age, 

ever to be remembered while kindred ties exist 

as the most affectionate of husbands, 

and the kindest of Fathers. 

Likewise to the memory of his eldest daughter, 

Frances Sarah, 

who died on the 23rd day of December; 1826, 

in the 17th year of her age, 

at Worcester ; and was interred 

in Claines Church Yard, Worcestershire. 

So bloomed the Rose and dropped. 

On a marble tablet, ornamented with columns, 
entablature, and pediment of the composite order: 

M.S. 

SISTE VIATOR ! 

Quis heic jacet 

Operse pretium tibi scire ; 

Nempe Gulielmus Castellus Armiger 

Navalis Mercatorii apud Redrofiam Naupegus; 

In Agro SvRRiENSi Trenarcha ; 

Militise quae ejusdem (Majorem vocant) Instructor : 

Et ob fidelem operam in ijs muneribus navatam, 

serenissimo R. Carlo 2"?® inter paucos charus. 

Vir in arte sua praestantissimus ; 

Cujus si Pietatem in Deum, in Regem fidem. 

In Pauperes Munificentiam, 

In Omnes Comitatem spectes, 

Parem illi inter superstites aegr^ invenies : 

Plura dicere non opus est — 

Abi, et Imitare. 

Obijt die 26 Lunij 1681 anno Etatis et suae 54. 



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In 

Memory of 

Mr. Jeremiah Riley, 

late of this Parish, 

Woolstapler, 

died May 23, 1800, 

aged 77 years. 

Also 

Mary his wife 

died November 24, 1789, 

aged 57 years. 



Near 

this place lies the body of 

Mrs. Elizabeth Wood, 

who departed this life 19 Aug. 1730, 

aged 42 years. 

She was wife to Basil, son of 

Basil Wood, Esq. 

in the county of Salop, 

who departed this life in the island of Jamaica, 

14th August, 1734. 

In memory of 

Mr. John Hind, 

formerly of Gibraltar, 

Ob. 17th of December, 1800. M. 76. 

Also of Ann his wife, 

Ob. *6th of January, 1789. iEt. 63. 

Worthy patterns of Piety 

and virtue. 

F 



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Sacred 

to the memory of 

Mary Ann, daughter of 

Colonel Sir Arthur Owen, Bart. 

who died June 1st, 1812, 

deeply lamented, 

aged 85. 



In the vault of this Church 

are interred the remains of 

Mary Ann Muskett, 

the beloved wife of George Alfred Muskett, 

of this Parish, 

who, after a short but happy union of 11 months, 

departed this life 

on the 22nd day of April, 1809* 

aged 20 years. 

To the revered memory of her whose amiable qualifications 

adorned human nature, and displayed 

a bright example of female excellence, 

this tribute to departed worth 

is paid by an affectionate husband, who thus records 

her virtues and his loss. 



On a monument against the wall, at the South 
entrance : 

Near this place lyeth the body of William Browning, Esq. 

Fellmonger, who departed this life the 11th May, 1758, aged 

81 years. Also Elizabeth his wife, who died in 1727, aged 

49 years; and their two sons, viz. The Reverend 

Mr. William Browning, Rector of this 

Parish, who died in 1740, aged 38 

years; and Stephen Browning, who died 

in 1724, aged 12 years. 



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On another opposite : 

Sacred to the memory of 

James Riley, Esq. of Abbey House, 

in this Parish, 

who departed this life April xxvi, mdcccxxv, 

in the lxi year of his age. 

Also of James, his eldest son, 

who died at Paris xxv Feb. mdcccxxix, aged xxxiii. 

His remains lie interred in the cemetery of 

Montmartre, near that city. 

Also of Christian, relict of James Riley, Senior, 
who died at Harrowgate, Aug. 19th, 1837, aged 75 years. 



The following was on a stone in the Church. 
(It is preserved by Aubrey) : 

Here lyeth the body of 

Deborah, 

the daughter of Isaac and Elizabeth Mauduit, 

died September 19, 1703, 

aged 5 months. 

Elizabeth Mauduit died in May, 1707> aged 6 months. 

John Mauduit died July 25, 1707, aged 1 year. 

Of such is the kingdom of God. 

Elizabeth, wife of Isaac Mauduit, 

Minister of the Gospel, 

died March 10» 1713, aged 41 years. 

Hie jacet Isa Mauduit Corpus V.D.M. 

Sanguine qui Clarus, doctrina religione 

Atque piis verbis eximiusque fuit 

Et obiit 8 die Aprilis, Annosque Dom, 

iEtatis suae 56. mdccxviii. 

f2 



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In the South aisle : 

Near this place 

lie interred the remains of 

William Mason, Esq. 

late of this parish, who 

died 29th September, 1791, 

in the 73rd year of his age. 

" Mihi enim vivere Christus ; et 

mori lucrum." 

Also the body of 

Mary Willy Mason, widow of 

the above, who died 11th, December, 1799« 

in the 87th year of her age. 



Near this place 

lie interred the remains of 

Mr. John Butler, 

of this parish, 

who died April 9th, 1793, 

aged 62 years. 

" Be ye also ready." 

Also of 

Mrs. Elizabeth Butler, 

wife of the above, 

who died 1st February, 1 81 6, 

in the 89th year of her age. 



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Against a pillar in the nave of the Church 

Sub, 
Tumulo, 
qui baud procul ab Ostio inter 
Orientem et Meridiem sito Erigitur, 
Requiescunt Cineres 
Gulielmi Steavens, Militis 
Qui 5*« die Martij I7l2r iEtat Suae 54V» 
ab hac Luce (Meliorum Visurus) 
discessit. 
In cujus Memoriam 
Thomas Steavens, Armiger, 
ejus Gener, boc qualecunque 
Monumentum posuit. 



Sacred to tbe memory of 

Ann, wife of 

Lawrence Banks, Esq. 

who died Jan. 2nd, 1806, 

aged 40 years; 
and their infant daughter. 
Forgive, bless'd shade ! the tributary tear 
That mourns thy exit from a world like this : 
Forgive the wish that would have kept thee here. 
And stay'd thy progress to the realms of bliss. 



On a black marble tablet : 

This tablet records the death of 

Robert Rich, Esquire, 

late of this parish, 

who died on the 6th April, 1829, in the 77th year of his age, 

and was interred in a family vault in this Church-yard. 



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It is due to the memory of this excellent person 

to engrave on this durable stone 

' that by his persevering industry and assiduity 

he attained to that happy independence 

which enabled him 

to stand foremost, in the days of danger, 

as the protector of his Church and King ; 

having been honored with the command 

of the Loyal Bermondsey Volunteers, 

and that as testimonials of his high value 

in the community, he was intrusted 

with His Majesty's Commission of the Peace 

for the Counties of Surrey and Middlesex, 

and was appointed a deputy Lieutenant, 

for the former County. 

In private life 

The deceased was piously moral and exemplary, 

leaving his consort of 50 years, 

and seven children, 

gratefully impressed by his undeviating 

virtuous example. 



In the same vault 

were interred the remains of his widow, 

Sarah, 

the second daughter of William Bennet, Esq. 

of Faversham, in the County of Kent, 

who, having survived her husband nearly three years, 

died, most sincerely regretted, 

on the 22nd day of April, 1832, 

In the 74th year of her age. 



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Sacred 

to the memoiy of 

Mr. William Fox. 

late of Leicester, 

whose remains are deposited 

in the vault near this pillar. 

He died 

25 day of February. 1810, 

aged 38 Years. 

Also the remains of the 

Infant daughter 

of Mr. John Dabbs, of this Parish, 

who died 

the 23rd day of S^tember, 1800, 

aged 9 days. 



At the west end of the Church, without the 
Choir, are the following : 

Near here lies the body of 

Joseph Heaton. 

died April 3rd, 1742, 

aged 67 years. 

He was a lover of liberty, 

and a sincere friend. 

And also tiie bodys of 

Rebecca his wife, 

died Aug. 6, 1715, 

aged 35 years. 

Rebecca, their daughter. 

died June 3rd, 1733, 

aged 24 years. 



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Joseph, their son, 

died Feb. 4, 1729, 

aged 15 years. 

Joseph Heaton, father 

of y« abovesi Jos. Heaton, 

died 4th October, 1728, 

aged 78 years. 

Nathaniel, his son, 

died March 8, 1709, 

aged 28 years. 

Sarah, his daughter, 

died May 16, 1715, 

aged 32 years. 



Sacred to the memory 

of Mr. John Day, late of this Parish, 

Tanner, 

who died Feb. 3, 1801, 

aged 38 years. 



Sacred 

to the memory of 

Isaac Heaton, Esq. 

who departed this life 9th July, 1774, 

aged 69 years. 

Also Isaac Heaton, Esq. 

Son of the above, 

who departed this life 3rd July, 1810, 

aged 76 years. 



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Near this place 

lieth the body of ^ 

Mr. Francis Baynham Bryan, 

who departed this life 

October 22nd, 1821, 

Aged 39 years. 

He liv'd belov'd, and died lamented. 



The following are on flat stones, in the South 
aisle, almost effaced, but are preserved by Stow: — 

William Castell, Shipwright at Redriff, Justice of the 
Peace, Major ot the Militia of Surrey. A man most ex- 
cellent in his heart. 1681. 

Margarett Castell, wife of William CasteU, Shipwright, 
1635. 

And Margarett, daughter of William CasteU, 1640. 

Also William Castell, Shipwright, 1649. 

Edward Walduck, Citizen and Cooper of London, 1691. 

Humphrey Seile, 1686. 

Peter Theobalds, of this parish, who had to wife Mary, 
daughter of John Terry, Alderman of the City of Canter- 
bury, 1650. 

Susanna Collins, wife of Philip Collins, 1673. 

Captain Richard York, with his nine children. 
John Cheesman, Gent. 1665; 
and Margarett, his grand-daughter, 1663; 
and Margarett, his wife, 1681. 

In the North aisle — 

Elizabeth Hickman, dying in child-bed, 1672. 
Joseph Hickman, 1686, and Elizabeth, his wife, 1688. 
Peter Bousine, 1696, and Andrew Bousine, 1690; 
and Benjamin and Anne Bousine, 1696. 



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Against the South Wall, on the outside of the 
Church — 

In a vault beneath 
are deposited the remains of 
Mr. William Steavens, 
who died I7th September, 1711, aged 81 years. 
Also Sir William Steavens, Knt. 
who served the Offices of 
High Sheriff and Justice of the Peace 
for this County, 
and died 5th March, 1712, aged 54 years; 
also three sons and three daughters 
of Thomas Steavens, Esq. namely — 
Thomas died 24th Oct. 1714, aged 2 years 6 months. 
Edward „ 7th Aug. 1717, „ 6 months. 
William „ 14th Sep. 1718, „ 7 years 5 months. 
Mary „ 26th Oct. 1722, „ 2 years 7 months. 
Mary „ 26th Apl. 1723, „ 2 months. 
Susannah,, 14th Apl. 1734, „ 20 years. 
Also Sir Thomas Steavens, Knt. 
who served the Offices of 
High Sheriff and Justice of the Peace for this CJounty, 
and died 1st Sep. 1738, aged 62 years. 
Also Dame Mary, daughter of 
Sir William Steavens, and wife of the above 
Sir Thomas Steavens, 
who died 27th Nov. 1748, aged 61 years. 

The present Church-yard of St. Mary Magdalen 
was enlarged in the year 1810, by taking about 
16 feet in width of the old CJonvenbial ground/ 

' At that time forming a part of the gardens to the back ctf the 
houses in Long WaUc, and now made a public thoroiigh£Bure 
called Abbey Street. 



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It is enclosed by a brick wall 10 feet under ground, 
and 2 feet above, on the top of which is an iron 
railing. 

The following are some of the most remarkable 
inscriptions in the Church-yard : — 

Mr. David Wightman, 

of Artillery Street, Bennondsey, 

whose death was occasioned by a cut 

in his thumb, 11th Jan. 1814, 

aged 28 years. 

Sacred 

to the Memory of 

Mary, wife 

of WiUiam Collyer of Long Lane, 

died 3rd August, 1815, 

aged 60 years, 

being afflicted 19 years and 7 months with the 

Rheumatism, and was under 19 Doctors without any good 

effect. 

Likewise 

of Sarah, 

second wife, who died 28th March, 1824, 

aged 42 years, 
after an illness of three quarters of an hour. 

Mrs. Sarah Utton, 

wife of Mr. Richard Utton of this Parish, 

who departed this life 31st Jan. 1823, 

in her 78th year, 

who patiently bore three years affliction 

with the Dropsy, and underwent 25 

operations, in which 157 gallons 

of water was taken from her. 



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Mrs. Susanna Wood, 

wife of Mr. James Wood, 

of the Kent Road. Mathematical Instrument maker, 

died, after a long and painful illness, 

16th June, 1810, in the 58th year of her age. 

She was tapped 97 times, 

and had 461 gallons of water taken from her, 

without ever lamenting her case 

or fearing the operations. 

Also 

the above Mr. James Wood, 

died 10th May, 1837, aged 108 years, 

much and deservedly regretted. 



Sacred 

to the memory of 

Mr. James Black, 

of this Parish, 

Oil and Colour Man, 

aged 31 years; 

Elizabeth his wife, 

aged 25 years ; 

and Maria their daughter, 

aged 3 years and 5 months ; 

who were unfortunately suffocated in the 

dreadful fire at their house. No. 150, Bermondsey Street, 

June 23rd, 1817. 

Also of Emily, infant daughter of the above, 

aged 7 months, who died 

5th July following, in 

consequence of the above 

calamitous event. 



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RECTORY OF BERMONDSEY. 

The Benefice, which is a Rectory, is in the 
Deanery of South wark, and Diocese of Winchester. 
In the Liber Valorum of Henry VIII it is rated at 
£15. lis. 8jd. and is charged with the payment 
of £1. 10s. lOfd. to the King for tenths; 2s. Id. 
to the Bishop of Synodals ; and 7s. 7^d. to the 
Archdeacon of Surrey for Procurations. 

Patrons. Rectors. Date. 

Prior and Convent l 

. „ , > John de Ecclesia, 30 Nov. 1291. 

of Bermondsey. J 

John Augustin de London,17Mar.l299. 

John de Albini. 

Simon de Lausell, 29 May, 1315. 

Hugh de Babington, resigned 1322. 

William de Montesfunte^ resigned 23 

Jan. 1323. 

Bishop of Winchester — Nicholas de Ficton, January 1323. 

Prior and Convent i Robert Belde, 8 Feb. 1324, ces. May 

of Bermondsey. J 8, 1329. 

Walter Wheston de Stratford, 8 May, 

1329, ces 1338-9. 

John, Earl of Warren — John Fitz-Adam Cissoris, 3 Mar. 

1338-9, resigned 1340. 

Prior and Convent 1 ^ ^ u. * ^. «.^ 

> Peter * * * l Feb. 1340. 
of Bermondsey. J 

„ John Lorkin, ces. 1381. 

Robert Tolthorpe, 20 Mar. 1381-2, 
ces. 1383. 

Thomas Thokes, 24 July, 1383. 

Thomas Port, 6 April, 1394. 
„ Thomas Goche, ces. 1400. 



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Patrons. Rectors. Date. 

Prior and Convent 1 John Preston, 12 Jan. 1400, died 19 
of Bermondsey. J May, 1406. 

„ Henry Dyryk, 9 June, 1406. 

,, Walter £uston, alias Boydon, died 

1448-9. 
Robert Burton, 18 Feb. 1448-9, re- 
signed 1459. 
John Andever, 16 Oct. 1459, died 1480. 
„ William London, LL.B. 1480-1, ces. 

1482. 
Walter Newton, 16 May, 1482, died 

Aug. 1482. 
Robert Warying, 5 Sep. 1482, ces. 1482. 
Robert Warde, 22 Feb. 1484-5. 
„ John Best, resigned 1502. 

Richard Wyllys, 26 July, 1502, died 

1523. 
John Fayrwall, M.A., 1 Oct. 1523, ces. 

1537. 
Edward Collys, 10 Dec, 1637, resigned 

1537. 
Thomas Ippeswell, M.A., 14 Mar. 
1537-8, died 1643. 

John Gele Richard Gele or Gyle, 10 Aug. 1543. 

Sir Thomas Pope . .John Lewys or Lewdys, B.D., 16 Mar. 
1533-4. 
„ Alexander Inglish died 1571. 

Robert Trappes • . . .John Baron, 2 May, 1571. 

„ William Stanninought, M.A. resigned 

1681. 
John Ryder. M.A., 6 Jan. 1581-2. 
William Stere, died 1604. 
Rowland Trappes ..Edward Elton, B.D., 30 Jan. 1605, 
died 1624. 



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Patrons. Rectors. Date. 

Rowland Trappes • • Thomas Paske.D.D., 1624,ejected 1644< 

„ Jeremiah Whittaker, died June 1, 1654. 

Richard Parr,D.D. I654,resigned 1682. 

Thomas Trappes. . . .Alexander Forbes, D.D. 17 Apl. 1682, 

ces. 1696. 

James Gray Stephen Heath, 24 Nov. 1696, died 

1723-4. 
William Browning . .William Tasswell, D.D., 10 Feb. 1728, 
resigned 1726-7. 
William Browning, M.A., 16 Feb. 
1726-7, died 23 Dec. 1740. 
„ John Paget, M.A. 

William Hambly ..Peter Pinnel, D.D., 12 Mar. 1744-5, 
ces. Jan. 1777. 
Thomas Hambly, B.C.L., 1777, died 21 
Apl. 1802. 

Mrs. Hambly Henry Cox Mason, M.A., 24 July, 1802, 

died 3 Feb. 
Charles Hughes, M.A. 1804. 
William Payler, M.A. 1812. 
„ Andrews Kersteman, M.A. 1814. 

John Edgar Gibson, M.A. 1827. 

LECTURERS OF BERMONDSEY. 

Gilbert Crockett 1686 

Henry Lamb 1702 

Thomas Dimblebee 1723 

Thomas Forrester 1738 

Farmery Malthus 1741 

Henry Cox Mason, M.A 1782 

William Mann, M.A 1804 

William Curling, B.A .' 1830 

William Deey, B.A 1833 

William Harrison, M.A 1840 



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Edward Elton published a volume of Sermons, in folio, 
" on St. Paul's Epistle to the Romans," together with an 
" Exposition of the Epistle to the Colossians," and other 
works. 

Jeremiah Whittaker was a member of the Assembly of 
Divines^ and is said to have been remarkable for his skill in 
the Oriental languages. There is extant a sermon preached at 
his funeral with an account of his life by Simeon Ashe. 
He was succeeded by his son William, who was author of a 
few single sermons, and was ejected at the Restoration. 

THE REGISTER. 

The Parish Register commences in 1548 — 
1 Edward VI, — and is written in a remarkable 
neat and legible hand. In 1604 the following 
extraordinary entry appears : — 

" August. 
" The forme of a solemne vowe made betwixt a man and 
his wife, havinge been longe absent, through which occasion, 
the woman being married to another man, tooke her againe 
as followeth : — 

"THE MAN'S SPEACH. 
" ' Elizabeth, my beloved wife, I am right sorie that I 
have so longe absented mysealfe from thee, whereby thou 
shouldest be occasioned to take another man to be thy 
husband. Therefore I do now vowe and promise, in the 
sight of God and this companie, to take thee againe as mine 
owne ; and will not onlie forgive thee, but also dwell with 
thee, and do all other duties as I promised at our marriage.' 

"THE WOMAN'S SPEACH. 
" ' Raphe, my beloved husband, I am right sorie that I 
have, in thy absence, taken another man to be my husband ; 
but here, before God and this companie, I do renounce and 



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forsake him, and do promise to kepe mysealfe only unto thee 
duringe life, and to perform all duties which I first promised 
unto thee at our marriage.' " 

Then follows a short occasional prayer ; and the 
entry concludes thus : — 

" The first day of August, 1604, Raphe Goodchild, of the 

parish of Barkinge, in Thames Street, and Elizabeth his wife, 

were agreed to live together, and thereupon gave their hands 

one to another, makinge either of them a solemne vowe to 

doe in the presence of us 

"William Stere, Parson, 

" Edward Cokkr, and 

" Richard Eires, Clerk." 

The following entry is also remarkable : — 

'' James Herriot, Esq. and Elizabeth Josey, Gen*, were 
married Jan. 4th, 1624-5. — N.B. This James Herriot 
was one of the forty children of his father, a Scotchman/' 

The following instances of longevity occur: — 

Sarah Terry, widow, aged 98 years; buried 12th Feb. 

1741-2. 
Mrs. LovEJOY, aged 100, from Bermondsey Street ; buried 

16th July, 1744. 
Mr. Langworthy, of Long Lane, Leather-cutter, aged 103; 

buried 4th Sept. 1750. 
Mrs. Owen, from Dog Lane, aged 104 ; buried 19th Aug. 

1762. 
Mrs. Rebecca. Harrowman, aged 99 ; buried I6th Dec. 

1764. 
Joseph Day, from Bermondsey Street, aged 105; buried 

11th June. 1769. 
Jarvis Whitehead, from Dock-head, aged 96; buried 

13th Feb. 1776. 
Henry Phillips, aged 100; buried 3rd October, 1774. 

G 



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BENEFACTIONS TO THE CHURCH AND POOR. 

Mr. Thomas Kendall gave two tenements called the Per 

Annum Almshouses. 
Mr. Owen Alim gave a house and garden : the rents to buy 

bread and coals. 

Per Annum. 
£ a. d, 

Mr. Hugh Full gave for bread for ever 2 12 

William Gardner, Esq. gave for ever 10 10 

and £6:13 for a Communion Cup, and £10 

to the poor. 
Mr. Stephen Skidmore gave for fuel for ever ..100 

Ralph Pratt, Esq. gave for ever 2 13 4 

Mr. Francis Terrell gave for ever 6 chaldrons 

of coals 6 

Mrs. LouizA Easson gave two houses in Marigold 

Alley. 
Mr. RiCHAkD Archden gave for one dozen of 

bread, weekly, for ever 2 12 

Mr. Thomas Chibbald gave £100, which pur- 
chased free land at Yelding, now 5 10 

Free land at Marden, purchased for the poor, 

now 12 

Mr. Barnard Hyde gave 10s. a-piece every tenth 

year to eighteen poor naaids and widows of this 

parish. 
Mr. Richard Lockwood gave two houses and 

ground for ever 8 10 

Mrs. Jane Trapp gave £100 to purchase free 

lands for the poor, and for two yearly sermons, 

now #. 6 

Mr. John Fimner gave to poor sick persons for 

ever, and twenty Bibles, yearly, for ever • • • . 5 
Mr. Henry Martin gave for Bibles for ever ..300 
Mr. Henry Smith gave for ever 20 



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£ 8. d. 
Mr. John Marshall and Mr. Robert Bang- 
ward gave a house, and ground of it, for ever, 
called God's Providence. 
Mrs. Susan Williams gave £40 towards Alms- 
houses. 
Mrs. Frances Rothwell gave £100 to the poor. 
Mrs. Joyce Howlett gave £100 to buy freehold, 
13s. 4d. of which, yearly, for ever, for a sermon, 
and the rest to the poor. 
Mr. Andrew Dandy gave a house at the Mill, to 

pay five poor widows, each 20 

Mr. John Wright gave for two sermons, yearly, 

and for cloth for the poor, for ever 14 

And for teaching seven poor children for 

ever -.. 3 

And for bread for the poor for ever 3 

Mr. William Stevens gave for bread for ever. . 2 12 
A Gift from the Company of Leather-sellers for 

ever 6 8 

Mr. John Samuel gave £50, the profits for bread, 

forever 2 10 

Mr. JosiAH Bacon gave £150 to buy free land, 
the rents for bread, for ever ; and £700 to buy 
free land, and to build a Free-school, and a 
house for the master thereof, for maintaining 
the said school, and the master and usher for 

ever 150 

Mr. George Wheeley gave £78 : 14 : 9, now 
made £80, the profits for ever to put poor boys 
apprentice. 
Mr. John Taylor gave £100, now made £130, 

the profits for ever to poor housekeepers. 
Mrs. Rebecca Carys gave £15, the profits for 
bread for ever. 

g2 



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£ 8. d. 
Mrs. Winifred Ellwood gave two brass branches 

for eighteen lights, and the fine metal front of 

the organ. 
Mrs. Elizabeth Hunt gave a silver plate for to 

collect the offerings in at the communion. 
Mr. David Apsey gave £100, the interest for a 

sermon, and bread for the poor for ever. 
Mrs. Mary Parker, widow, by her will, proved 

at Doctor's Commons, the 26th March, 1750, 

gave, to the poor of this parish, a moiety of the 

neat produce of one of the corn-meter's places 

of the city of London, during the term of her 

lease, which expires 1st Dec. 1762. 

Mr. Mark Whitcomb gave to the poor 21 

Mr. Edward Evitt (Purser of the Phynx sloop- 

of-war) gave to the poor of this parish 15 7 

BERMONDSEY SPA. 

A well-known place of entertainment in this 
parish, so called Bermondsey Spa, from some 
waters of a chalybeate nature discovered there 
about the year 1770. The late Mr. Thomas Keyse 
had a few years before opened his premises as a 
place for tea-drinking, and exhibited a collection 
of drawings, the productions of his own pencil, 
which as the works of a self-taught artist possessed 
considerable merit. About 1780 he procured a 
license for musical entertainments, after the manner 
of Vauxhall, and for several years his gardens were 
open every evening in the summer season. Fire- 
works were occasionally exhibited, and at certain 
times in the course of the year was exhibited an 



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excellent representation of the seige of Gibraltar, 
confiisting of fireworks and transparencies, the 
whole contrived by the proprietor of the gardens, 
who possessed considerable mechanical abilities. 
The height of the rock was about fifty feet, the 
length two hundred, and the whole apparatus 
covered about four acres. Mr. Keyse died in 
1800, when his pictures were sold by auction. 
The gardens were shut up about the year 1805, 
and the site has since been built upon.^ 

BERMONDSEY LOYAL VOLUNTEERS. 

Whilst the French Revolution was in progress, 
the inhabitants of this parish formed themselves 
into a Military Association, for the defence of their 
families and country against invasion, rebellion, or 
riot, under the following engagement : — 

" We, the undersigned, do agree to form our- 
selves into a Military Association, under the name 
of the Loyal Bermondsey Volunteers, as soon as 
commissions can be procured for officers (to be 
chosen from among ourselves for that purpose), by 
whom only we are to be commanded, unless in 
Case of actual Invasion, Rebellion, or Riot, when 
it is in the power of his Majesty to place the corps 
under the command of any superior, or command- 
ing officer of any other corps, to whom it may be 
attached, to do duty in this parish, or in the adjoin- 
ing parishes of Rotherhithe and Newington, the 
Borough of Southwark and its liberties, and in no 

' Ly son's Eavirons of LondoD. 



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case to march further ; that we will furnish our- 
selves with an uniform-dress, arms, and accoutre- 
ments, and serve without pay or emolument ; and 
that we will abide by all such articles as a majority 
shall hereafter adopt, provided they do not alter 
this original engagement.'' 

ST. JAMES'S CHAPEL OF EASE. 

The great increase of buildings in this parish 
within the last ten years rendered the erection of a 
place of worship in connexion with the Established 
Church of great importance. An excellent site was 
obtained, and the Commissioners for erecting new 
Churches and Chapels having made a handsome 
grant, the building proceeded with considerable 
rapidity, and was consecrated in May 1829. It 
is situated in the centre of an extensive burial 
ground in the Spa Road. This spacious and 
elegant building of brick and stone, is one of the 
handsomest structures built by the Church Commis- 
sioners. The basement is disposed into a series of 
arched catacombs, extending beneath the ground- 
floor and the portico. The chapel consists of a 
nave and side aisles, a chancel and vestibule. The 
west front has a portico in the centre, composed of 
four Ionic columns, surmounted by an entablature 
and pediment; in the wall behind are the entrances 
to the building. The steeple, which rises from the 
centre of this front, is square, and is made in 
height into four portions ; the first is ornamented 
with coupled antge at the angles, and has a window 



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r ^-^^--rii^awT^gp 






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Tublislied l>y G W Phillip 8 Ifawin .Xith .BucTrtarabu ry. 

§7 JFAMIES'S ClEAFlEIL. ©F ]EAS]B . 



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87 

in each face ; it is surmounted with an entabla- 
ture, and at the angles are enriched acroteriae ; the 
second story is composed of sixteen Ionic columns, 
disposed in four groups at the angles of the plan, 
the intercolumniations being open ; the succeeding 
story has four pilaster buttresses disposed in the 
same manner ; this story and the last are crowned 
with entablatures having cinerary urns and vases 
above the angles ; a square pedestal surmounted by 
a swelling column, crowned with a vane in the 
form of a dragon, completes the erection, the whole 
structure being lofty in its proportions and elegant 
in the design. The flanks have a range of lofty 
windows in the aisles, formed after the Grecian 
examples, in the shape of a truncated pyramid, 
and in the clerestory a series of segment arched- 
windows ; the walls of the aisles are finished with 
an entablature, and the angleB are guarded by 
antae ; a plain cornice and parapet finish the cleres- 
tory; the east end is made into three divisions 
corresponding with the nave and aisles, and has 
no central window. The interior is divided longi- 
tudinally, by a range of Ionic columns raised on 
pedestals on each side of the building; on the 
pedestals are sustained the galleries of the aisles, 
and on the columns the entablature of the order 
surmounted by an attic, which contains the cleres- 
tory windows ; the ceiling is horizontal and richly 
pannelled ; the ends of the central division are 
formed into spacious niches with arched ceilings ; 
the western contains the organ, and the eastern 



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the altar ; the screen bears the usual inscriptions, 
and has a dove in an irradiation in the centre. 
The pulpit and reading desk are situated at a 
short distance from the altar rails. The organ, 
which is a powerful instrunoent, was built by 
Bishop, of Lisson Grove. The architect was James 
Savage, Esq. It was built partly by the C!om- 
missioners for building new Churches, and partly 
by a rate levied on the parish ; the contract for 
the building amounted to £21,412 : 19 : 5. It is 
calculated to contain 900 persons in pews, and 980 
in free-seats, the whole accommodation being for 
1880 persons. The first stone was laid on the 
21st February, 1827, with the usual ceremonies, by 
Dr.Toraline, Bishop of Winchester, in the presence 
of a numerous assemblage of the parishioners, and 
the Chapel was consecrated on 7th of May, 1829, 
by Dr. Sumner, Bishop of Winchester, who preached 
on the occasion from Ezekiel, 33 chap. 31 and 32 
verses, before a crowded auditory. 

The Rev. John Evans, M. A. of Pembroke Hall, 
Cambridge, was appointed the first minister in 
1829, and resigned 21st June, 1840. A piece of 
plate was presented to him by the parishioners on 
his resignation, bearing the following Inscription : 

Presented 

To the Rev* John Evans, A.M. 

on retiring from the Ministry of St. James's, Bermondsey, 

by numerous Friends, 

In testimony and in affectionate remembrance of the 

Fidelity with which for eleven years 



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89 

He discharged the duties of his sacred of&ce. 

Whereby he gained the esteem and respect 

Of all classes of the Parishioners, 

August, 1840. 

He was succeeded by the Rev. Henry Mackenzie, M.A. 

the present minister. 



The following Inscriptions are in this Chapel: 
on a marble tablet on the north side of the Com- 
munion Table — 

Sacred 

To the Memory of 

William George Watts, 

late of this Parish. 

A faithful friend and a most affectionate husband. 

His widow deeply deploring her loss, 

has caused this tablet to be erected 

as the last testimony of her love. 

He died at Margate, 

universally esteemed and justly lamented, 

on the nth June, 1836, sged 67. 

His remains are deposited in the vault 

of this Church. 

On the South side of the Communion Table — . 

In Memory of 
Thomas Keeton, 
of Jamaica Row, Bermondsey, 

who departed this life 
June nth, 1837, aged 52 years. 

Also Ann, wife of the above, 

who died at Milton, in Kent, 

July 12th, 1832. 



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90 

Also Maria Anne« daughter of the above, 
who died June 7th, 1830, aged 21 years. 

Also George William, son of the above, 

who was unfortunately drowned by the upsetting 

of a boat oflF 

East Lane Stairs, Bermondsey, 

on the 1st July, 1833. 

aged 21 years. 

Also Martha Fuller Drew, 

daughter of the above Thomas and Ann Keeton, 

who died June 18th, 1837, 

aged 30 years. 



On a tablet beneath the former — 

Sacred 

to the Memory of 

Richard King Watts, 

late of this parish, 

whom the Almighty was pleased to take 

from his sorrowing family on the 4th August* 1836, 

in the 69th year of his age. 

His whole life beautifully exemplified 

every conjugal and paternal duty ; 

and to commemorate his sterling worth, 

this tribute of affection is erected 

by his bereaved widow and family. 

His remains are deposited in the vault of this Church. 



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91 

On a white marble tablet, within the Com- 
munion rails, on the north side of the Table — 

In the Crypt beneath this Chancel slumber the 

mortal remains of 

Elizabeth, 

there to rest until summoned by the voice of 

the archangel and the trump of God, 

to rise and put on immortality 
with the rest of the dead in Christ. 
By Baptism ; by Holy Communion ; 
By the grace of God conveyed thereby; 
And by faith which worketh by love- 
She was, and is, a member of Christ, 
. The Child of God, 
And an inheritor of the 
Kingdom of Heaven. 
She was the early orphaned daughter of 
Robert Ridley, of Demerara, Esquire, 
And of Martha his wife, 
and was the faithful, beloved, affectionate, 

and lamented wife of 

The Reverend Henry Mackenzie, M.A. 

of Pembroke College, Oxford; 

Perpetual Curate of this Church. 

She entered on her rest after a pilgrimage of 

31 years duration, on Sunday, the 22nd of November, 

A.D. 1840. 

NATIONAL AND PAROCHIAL SCHOOLS. 

These schools were established about the year 
1712 ; twenty-eight boys were admitted. 

The girls' school was established, and twenty 
girls admitted, on the 4th of July, 1722> 



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92 

Mr. Nathaniel Ford, sen. and Mr. George Isaake, 

on the 5th October, 1720, gave, each of them, a 
silver-headed staff, for each Beadle to carry before 
the charity children on any public occasion. 

BENEFACTIONS. 

A.D. JE 8. d. 

1712 Madame Warner .21 

1718 Mrs. Susan Warring 50 

1719 Mr. Edward Hewson 5 

1721 Mr. Joseph Messer ^... 5 

1721 Lady D.Green 10 

1722 Mr. Richard Newton 5 

1722 Mr. Nathaniel Smith 10 

1748 Mr. S. Butler 20 

1765 Mr. N. Smith, for ever, per annum. . . . 40 

1766 Mr. John Goodman 20 

1766 Mr. Humphry Randall 10 

1767 Mr. Edward Pyke 20 

1776 Mrs. Mary Bullman 50 

1 777 Mr. Joseph Pangbourn £100, 3 per cent. 

Bank Annuities. 

1777 Mr. John Egan 5 

1778 Mr. Thomas Sparshott 7 10 

1783 Mr. John Burnett, of St. John's, Southwark, 10 10 
1786 Mr. John Brooke £100, 3 per cent. Re- 

duced Annuities. 

1 789 Mr. Edward Dockley, per annum, for ever 2 

1794 Richard Russel, Esq 100 

1799 Mr. Thomas NichoUs 100 

Five per cent. Annuities, for one boy 
when put apprentice, and one girl, each 

annually 2 10 

1799 Mr. George Parker, late Treasurer .... 10 

1806 Mr. William Garland, late of Walworth, 10 



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93 

A.i>. £ 8. d. 

1807 Mr. Thomas Godfall, late Treasurer . . 20 

From^ 

1803 I The Worshipful Company of Ironmon- 

to I gers ; sundry donations 62 16 

1809 J 

1 809 Jacob Warner, Esq. late of this parish — a 
bouse at 213, Bermondsey Street. 

1809 James Riley, Esq. Treasurer 21 

1812 Mr. Henry Blackburn 6 

Mr. Josiah Butterworth 5 o 

W. M. Carter, Esq 10 

John Dabbs, Esq 10 

William Darnell, Esq 10 

Philip Finnimore, Esq 10 

Henry Gaitskell, Esq 10 

Thomas Gaitskell, Esq 20 

Mr. John Harcourt 6 

James Hardwidge, Esq 10 

1812 Rev. Charles Hughes 20 

Mr. John Meek 5 o 

James Newsome, Esq 20 

W. T. Nicholls, Esq 6 

William Nottidge, Esq. 20 

H. Reed, Esq. 5 5 

Robert Rich, Esq * 10 10 

James Riley, Esq 10 10 

Thomas Rowcross, Esq 16 

Thomas Smith, Esq 5 

John Undershell, Esq, 5 

Mr. Thomas Walker 20 10 

Mr. James Walker 15 5 

Messrs. R. and W. Watts 6 

Mr. John Whayman 5 

John Williams, Esq 5 

Alexander Wright, Esq 10 

1816 Fine for an assault on Mr. Elkington . . 6 



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94 

A.D. £ 8. d. 

1816 Mr. Gaitskell 6 

Mr. John Vender Hyde 10 

Mr. Thomas Walker 10 10 

Mr. James Walker 5 5 

John and Joseph Barton 50 

Mr. Matthew Aston 50 

^ 1 Worshipful Company of Ironmongers ; 

1 Mc\ I '^^^^'^^ donations 84 5 2 

Mr. William Coleman, 3 per cent 100 

1821 John and Joseph Barton 50 

1823 Mr. George Clay; a legacy 50 

] 824 William Pownall, Esq. a share of residue 

bywill 252 16 7 

1826 Bryan Donkin, Esq 5 

1828 William Coxon, Esq.; a legacy 210 

1829 Robert Rich, Esq.; a legacy 19 19 

1830 Thomas Gaitskell Esq 10 

Mr. F. Farrand ; . . . 5 

Greorge A. Muskett, Esq 5 5 

William Nottidge, Esq 5 

Messrs. John and Francis Bacon 5 5 

1836 Henry Gaitskell, Esq.; a legacy 18 18 

1837 Mr. Jackson ; a fine for an assault • • • • 10 
Mrs. Rebecca Williamson ; a legacy . • 100 

1839 Worshipful Company of Ironmongers ; 

several donations, from 1820 168 

Society of Patrons of Charity Schools ; 

several donations 78 5 

Thomas Gaitskell, Esq.; a legacy .... 19 19 



The Boys School is situated in Bermondsey 
Square. 
The Girls School, which was formerly held over 



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95 

tbe porch of the Parish Church, was removed in 
the year 1830 to a new building, erected for that 
purpose, in the Grange Walk, by Mn Henry 
Phillips, Architect. 

There are, at present, in these schools 260 boys, 
of whom 60 are clothed; and 150 girls, of whom 
40 are clothed. 

In addition to the above, it is intended, forth- 
with, to erect another National School, capable of 
containing 400 children, of both sexes, for the 
accommodation of the lower or waterside division 
of the parish, and to be attached exclusively to 
the district and chapel of ease of St. James. 
Donations to a considerable amount have been 
already received for the purpose, and an eligible 
site for building given by James Roberts West, 
Esq., of Alscot Park, in the county of Gloucester ; 
but a large sum is still wanting to meet the esti* 
mated cost. 

BACON'S FREE SCHOOL. 

In the Grange Road, on the south side, is a 
free-school, built of brick. In the front is a niche 
with a statue representing a boy, and underneath 
an inscription, dated 1752, and setting forth that 
the said building was erected in 1718 by Thomas 
Bacon, Esq. executor of Mr. Josiah Bacon, of 
London, merchant, a native of this parish, who, 
by his will, charged his real and personal estates 
with the raising of such a sum of money as should 
be requisite for building of a free-school in this 



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96 

parish, wherein he was born ; and also of a dwell- 
ing-house to adjoin the same, for the master of 
the said school to dwell in ; such building, with 
the ground to be purchased for the same, not ex- 
ceeding £700. And his trustees were to settle not 
more than £150 per annum for the maintenance 
of the school, and the payment of the master and 
usher. And the scholars and children that were 
to be admitted into the said school were to be 
poor children of such persons as should inhabit 
the parish, whose parents or friends were not able 
to pay for their learning; and should be there 
taught, gratis, to read English, and also writing 
and arithmetic, to fit them for trades, or to keep 
merchants' books ; and that there should always 
be forty, and never more than sixty, scholars 
belonging to the school at one time. And the 
inheritance or legal estate, in the said school and 
dwelling-house, as also the £150 per annum for 
the maintenance thereof, were to be vested and 
settled in such six or eight of the principal inhabi- 
tants of the said parish, and their heirs, as should 
be nominated by the minister and churchwardens 
for the time being ; and from time to time, on the 
death of four or more of the trustees, others were 
to be nominated in the stead of the deceased, 
and a new settlement thereupon executed. And 
the testator desired and appointed that the minister, 
churchwardens, and other chief officers, for the 
time being, for ever, should be the governors of 
the said school, and should once, or oftener, yearly. 



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97 

visit the same, and make such rules and orders for 
the better government thereof, as they, or the 
major part of them, should think fit. 

DEAF AND DUMB SCHOOL. 

An asylum was likewise opened in the Grange 
Road, in the year 1792, for the reception and 
instruction of those born deaf and dumb, under 
the auspices of the late JohnTownsend, of Jamaica 
Row Chapel, and the Rev. Henry Cox Mason, then 
Rector of this parish, who had the happiness of 
seeing it supported by a numerous list of sub- 
scribers. This institution commenced with six 
pupils, and, in a short space of time, rapidly 
increased in number, many of them becoming 
useful members of society. The calamity, if not 
wholly removed, is at least mitigated, as far as 
human assistance can go. They were taught to 
write, to read articulately, and to cypher. Tlieir 
first teacher was Mr. Joseph Watson, a man who 
appears to have been eminently qualified for such 
a situation. It has since been removed to the 
spot on which it now stands, on the south side of 
the Old Kent Road. 

SCHOOL ON THE BRITISH SYSTEM, 

IN GREAT GEORGE STREET, (fOR BOYS). 

This School is conducted on the Lancasterian, 
or, as it is now usually termed, the British System 
of education. It was established at the com- 
mencement of the year 1835, when it was opened 

H 



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98 

by a public meeting, at which J. I. Briecoe, Esq. 
then M.P. for this division of the County presided; 
the building was erected by (Subscription, assisted 
to the extent of one-half the cost by the Lords of 
the Treasury, from the grant made by Parliament 
towards the erection of School-houses. 

In this School the Protestant principle of the 
right of private judgment in mattdrs of religion is 
respected; for, whilst the daily instruction com- 
municated is pre-eminently scriptural, the Holy 
Scriptures being the only book of a religious cha- 
racter from which the children are taught, who 
are required to attend that place of Divine worship 
on the Sabbath-day which their parents may pre- 
fer, yet it is open to children of all denominations 
in religion. 

Each child pays 2d« per week ; the number for 
whom there is accommodation is two hundred. 

A School-house has lately been erected on rather 
an extensive scale (for educating children of 
Roman Catholic parents), at the back of, and ad- 
joining to, the walls of the chapel in Parker's 
Row. The temporary school being held in East 
Lane, Bermondsey. 



INDEPENDENT CHAPEL. 

The body of Dissenters called Independents 
have a Chapel in Jamaica Row, (commonly called 
Townsend's Chapel). It had been originally a 
congregation of Presbyterians, founded by the 



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99 

celebrated James Janeway ; his successor, Thomas 
Rosewell, was a man of some eminence, and is 
remarkable for being tried by Judge Jefferies, and 
having escaped harmless. Among the most emi- 
nent of the succeeding pastors were Thomas Mole, 
and Dr. Flexman. The congregation continued 
to be Presbyterians till Mr. Townsend became the 
pastor. His successor is Mr. Rose. 

SOUTHWARK CHAPEL. 

In Long Lane is situate a Chapel for persons 
belonging to Mr. Wesley's connexion, it was 
erected in the year 1808. It has sittings for 1000 
persons, exclusive of the orchestra, in addition to 
500 free sittings. The chapel is settled upon 
trustees. The spot on which it stands was 
formerly a tenter ground. 



ROMAN CATHOLIC CHAPEL OF THE 

MOST HOLY TRINITY, 

paeker's row, dockhead. 

Owing to the dilapidated state of the Roman 
Catholic Chapel in East Lane, Bermondsey, the 
lease of which was near expiring, and could not be 
renewed, the Roman Catholics of this and adjoin- 
ing parishes determined on building a new chapel 
on a much larger scale, the former one holding 
but 400 persons. Accordingly the Baroness de 
Montesquieu purchased a comfortable residence 

h2 



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100 

for the pastors, and sufficient ground whereon to 
erect a chapel, and form a cemetery. In addition 
to this she gave £1500 towards the erection of the 
edifice; their prelate of the district, Dr. Bramston, 
contributed £300, and other individuals £10, £5, 
and £1 each. The first stone was laid on the 3rd 
of August, 1834, by the Roman Catholic Bishop, 
assisted by the Right Rev. Dr. Griffith, and a 
numerous body of the Roman Catholic Clergy. 
The Chapel is 104 feet long, 60 feet wide, and 70 
feet high, there is spacious vaults likewise. It 
was built after the designs of Mr. Pugin. The 
above mentioned Baroness de Montesquieu is 
buried in the vaults under. 

Several smaller places of worship belonging to 
the various denominations of dissenters are situate 
in various parts of the parish. 

There is a burying-ground in Long Lane 
belonging to the Society of Friends, but they have 
no meeting-house in this parish. 

There was formerly a Presbyterian Meeting in 
King John s Court;^ and in New Court Yard was 
a Meeting-house of Presbyterians, of which Dr. 
Benson, well known by his Notes and Paraphrases 
on St. PauVs Epistles, and Mr. Pickard, an emi- 
nent divine also, were successively ministers, and 
afterwards Mr. Samuel Fancourt, who is remark- 
able as having been the first person who esta- 
blished a circulating library.^ There was likewise 
a Muggletonian Meeting in Bermondsey Street.* 

* Chamberlain's LondoD. ' Lyson. ' Chamberlain. 



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101 



CONVENT OF THE SISTERS OF MERCY. 

A convent was built, adjoining the Roman 
Catholic chapel, in Parker's Row, in the year 1838, 
for the order of the " Sisters of Mercy." On the 
12th December, 1839, the ceremony of the pro- 
fessions of six of the aforesaid sisters took place 
in the chapel adjoining-. The high mass, performed 
by Mr. Collinwidge, was celebrated at 1 1 o'clock, 
at which the Right Rev. Dr. Griffith assisted ; 
after which the novices were introduced; after 
the usual preliminaries, a sermon was preached 
by the Rev. Dr. Maguire, and a collection made 
toward the funds of the convent When the 
sermon was concluded, the " profession" took 
place, — the novices, attired in the plenitude of 
worldly ornament, repeating the accustomed for- 
mula whereby they renounced the world, and 
dedicated themselves to works of charity. This 
ceremony over, they retired and assumed the sober 
garb of " Sisters of Mercy," and the service, con- 
sisting of antiphonies and prayers, was concluded. 
The assemblage of spectators was most numerous, 
and the collection apparently a very good one. 
Amongst the nuns who were clothed was the Lady 
Barbara Eyre (second sister of Francis Earl of 
Newburgh), who has been a liberal benefactress 
to the chapel and convent, and has taken the 
vows under the name of Sister Mary. The re- 
maining nuns are Miss Ponsonby (a convert). 



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102 

Sister Vincent ; Miss Conner, Sister Ursula ; Miss 
Laleham, Sister Xaiver ; Sister Theresa, and Sister 
Joseph. 

ST. JAMES'S 
DISTRICT VISITING SOCIETY. 

In addition to the several charities already 
mentioned in this volume, there has lately been 
establishedS by the Rev. Henry Mackenzie, a 
District Visiting Society, for the purpose of visiting 
and relieving the sick and poor at their own habi- 
tations, and for bringing them more immediately 
under the eye and superintendence of their clergy- 
man for spiritual advice, assistance, and consola- 
tion, under their various trials. 

COURT LEET. 

A Court Leet is said to have been formerly held 
in this parish. It was a Court of Record incident 
to an hundred, ordained for punishing encroach- 
ments, nuisances, fradulent weights, and offences 
against the Crown. The Steward was the Judge : 
and every one, from the age of twelve to sixty 
years, that dwelt within the Leet, were obliged 
to do suit within this Court except clergymen, 
Jews, &c. 

LEATHER MARKET. 

This establishment was erected in the year 1832, 
by many of the principal tanners, and other inha- 

> LaUer part of 1840. 



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103 

bitants of the parii^h, subscribing for shares of 
£100 each therein. The cost of the building, 
including the purchase of the freehold land on 
which it had been erected, amounted to upwards of 
£40,000 ; and many of the principal tanners and 
leather-factors have their warehouses there, and 
conduct the whole of their business within it. 

Many of the hides are brought there for sale, 
and the principal portion of the sheep-skins of the 
metropolis are sold there. 

Leadenhall market still, however, continues to 
be used for the like purposes. 

WATERSIDE DIVISION OF THE PARISH. 

The waterside division of this parish, or that 
part situate east of St. Saviour's-dock, and adjoin- 
ing the parish of Rotherhithe, is intersected by 
several streams or water courses. Upon the south 
bank of one of these, between Mill Street and 
George Row, stand a number of very ancient 
houses called London Street; and near this a 
place called Jacob's Island, which is surrounded 
by a muddy ditch, six or eight feet deep, and 
fifteen or twenty wide, when the tide is in ; it was 
formerly called the Mill Pond, but now known as 
the Folly Ditch. It is a creak or inlet from the 
Thames, and can always be filled at high water 
by opening the sluices at the lead mills, from 
whence it derived its name. A stranger standing 
on one of the wooden bridges, thrown across this 
ditch in Mill Street, might see the inhabitants on 



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104 

either side lowering from their back doors and 
windows, buckets and pails, in which to haul the 
water up. He may turn his attention from this to 
the houses themselves — to the old wooden galleries, 
common to the backs of half-a-dozen of them, with 
holes from which to look on the slime beneath, — 
windows, broken and patched, with poles thrust 
out on which to dry the clothes. The rooms are 
small, confined, and filthy. Wooden chambers 
thrusting themselves out above the mud and 
threatening to fall into it, as some of them have 
done ; and the very foundations of the walls decay- 
ing, and shewing every indication of filth. These 
ornament the Folly Ditch. 

In Jacob's Island the warehouses are roofless 
and empty, — the walls are crumbling down, — ^the 
windows are now no windows, — the doors are 
falling into the street, — the chimneys are black- 
ened, but they yield no smoke; and, through 
losses and Chancery suits, it is made quite a deso- 
late island indeed. 

The Neckinger Ditch is an ancient water course, 
and was formerly navigable to Bermondsey Abbey. 

The Mill of St. Saviour, Bermondsey, (which 
was converted into a water machine to supply the 
inhabitants with water,) on 31st of June, 1536, 
was, by the Abbot and Monks of Bermondsey, 
demised to John Curlew, at the annual rent of 
six pounds (the value of eighteen quarters of good 
wheat), to grind all the corn for the use of the 
convent, which Curlew was both to fetch and carry 



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105 

home. The annual charge was computed at 
£2. 3s. 8d., which made the annual rent of the mill 
amount to £8. 3s. 8d A seed mill was erected on 
its site in the year 1 792.* 

TRADE AND MANUFACTURES. 

Bermondsey is a place of great trade,* particu- 
larly among the tanners, woolstaplers, &c., the 
former of which is carried on to a greater extent 
here than in any other part of the kingdom. They 
were incorporated here, by royal charter, in the 
reign of Queen Anne (as Mr. Lyson* informs us), 
on the 5th of July, in the second year of her reign, 
under the title of the Master, Wardens, and Com- 
monalty of the art or mystery of Tanners, of the 
parish of St. Mary Magdalen, Bermondsey; but it 
appears that this charter was of little importance. 

Messrs. Christy (who are supposed to be the 
largest manufacturers of hats in the world) have 
an extensive factory, occupying two ranges of 
building on opposite sides of Bermondsey Street. 
These may be termed east and west ranges, each 
of which is approached by a gateway leading from 
the street. On entering the gateway to the east 
range, the first object seen at the end of a long 
avenue is a lofty chimney connected with the 
steam-engine, and rising to the height of 160 feet, 

' Manning. 

' It is generally supposed that there is a greater variety of 
trades and manufactares carried on in this parish than in any one 
parish besides throughout the kingdom. 

' Lyson's Environs of London. 



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106 

and into which is turned the smoke from the 
steam-engine as well as from narrow fire places. 
Over the gateway is a range of warehouses for 
wool and other articles ; from thence, proceeding 
onwards, is seen, on the left, a pile of buildings 
occupied by clotli cap makers, hat trimmers, and 
packers. On the right of the same avenue is 
another range of buildings, consisting of a fire- 
proof varnish store-room, silk hat workshops, and 
shops wherein the early stages of beaver hatting 
are carried on. At the left of the great chimney 
is a building wherein common black, glazed, or 
japanned hats are made ; and near it is an arch- 
way leading northward to another avenue sur- 
rounded by buildings. These consist of a turner's 
shop, where blocks for shaping hats are made ; a 
shellac store, where the lac is bruised, ground, and 
prepared for use; a blacksmith's shop, for the 
repair of ironwork used in various parts of the 
factory; a saw mill and sawing room, where 
machine-worked saws cut up timbers into boards 
for packing-cases required in the export depart- 
ment ; a logwood warehouse, wherein a powerful 
machine cuts the logs into fine shreads; a fur 
room, in which the beaver and other furs are cut 
from the skins by machinery; rooms wherein the 
coarse hairs are pulled from the skins ; the steam- 
engine, with its boiler, furnace, &c.; a carding- 
room for disentangling the locks and fibres of 
wool ; a blowing-room for separating two qualities 
of beaver, fur, or hair; together with various 
warehouses, store-rooms, carpenters' shops, timber- 



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107 

yard, &c. This brings us to the northern extre- 
mity of the range ; on returning from which we 
pass wool warehouses, and sorting rooms, wool 
and fur washing houses, stoving-rooms, fur hat 
workshops, picking rooms, clerks' offices, &c. 
Crossing Bermondsey Street, to the western range, 
we find a beaver store-room, the dye-hou«e, stoving- 
rooms, shaping and finishing rooms, &c.; the 
whole being, however, much less extensive than 
the eastern range. They likewise weave their 
own plush for silk hats at a factory in Lancashire. 
The number of persons employed at their factory 
in Bermondsey Street is about five hundred, and 
out of these there is not far short of two hundred 
females, whose earnings vary from eight to fourteen 
shillings per week. 

There are chemical works in Great George 
Street belonging to Messrs. Davy and Mackmurdo, 
which are conducted entirely by steam. 

Several of the tanners and leather-dressers, in 
an extensive way of business, have likewise had 
steam engines erected on their premises. 

There are also a glue manufactory, and paper 
mills, in the Blue Anchor Road. Several curriers 
and kid leather-dressers occupying spacious pre- 
mises. A turnpentine manufactory, in the Spa 
Road, belonging to Messrs. Flockton ; and several 
others of smaller note. 

The waterside division of this parish is occupied 
principally by ropemakers, anchorsmiths, boat- 
builders, coopers, granary keepers, and others 



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108 

employed in making various articles used in the 
navy; and there are two small docks for ships. 
There are likewise several paper and lead mills in 
Bermondsey Wall Calico printing and dying 
were formerly carried on here, as also the manufac- 
ture of pins and needles. A brewery was esta- 
blished here by Mr. Fendall, and afterwards carried 
on by Mr. Gibson till about the year 1772, when 
the ground he occupied was let to build on. 

A manufacture of paper from straw was began 
some years back at the Neckinger, but it did not 
succeed, and at present it is occupied by Messrs. 
Bevington, leather-dressers. 



The following is a list of Tokens isstied by different tradesmen 
of this parish during the seventeenth century.^ 

Ob, George Cave, Stonebridg. 

R. In Barneby Street, G. c. A. 

Ob. Sarah Averil, at the (Sun) 

R, in Barneby Street, 1667, her halfpenny. 

Ob, Richard Graves, (two Brewers supporting a cask) 

R. in Barnby Street, R. ^- A. 

Ob. Elizabeth Hopton, 

R. in Barniby Streete. E. H. 

Ob. Richard Melton in (Cross Keys in the centre) 

R. Barnibe Streete. R. m. a. 

Ob. John Stevens, in Bamaby's I. ^ A. 1666. 

R. Street, in Southwarke, his halfpenny. 

> The right of making these tokens was given by patent to indiyiduaU, 
who, at times, made a very great profit by them ; the intrinsic value of them 
being not equal to their nominal value. The patentees, however, pledged 
themselves to take them back for something less than their nominal value ; 
but it is supposed that they were never returned to them in any great 
quantities. 



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109 

Ob. R. ®- M. in Barnabe Streete, 

R. at the Shuger Loffe. 

Ob, W. T. A. at the White Swan, (the Swan in the centre) 

R. in Barnabey Street. 

Ob. William Wallis, in (a Wheatsheaf in the centre) 

12. Barnabe St., Southwark, Mealman. 

Ob. John Skinner, 

R. in Bermondsey Street, his halfpeny. 

Ob. L. E., his halfepeny, at (1668) 

R. y* Docke Head Brewhouse, in Southwarke. 

Ob. Thomas Price, the Red Cowe, 

R. at y* Graynge, in Southwark, his halfpeny. 

Ob. John Preston, his halfpeny, at the Essex (I. ^- A.) 

R. Arms, in Jacob Street, (1668.) 

Ob. John Holmes, Silk Weaver, (a Shuttle) 

R. in Long Lane, in Southwark, his halfpeny. 

Ob. Ben Bates, in Snowe's 

R. Fields, Southwarke, his hal^eny. 

Ob. Will West Starr, 

R. Comer, Southwark. W. ^- A. 

ThefoUowing were likewise issued between 1796 and 1812. 

Ob. South view of a church — St. Mary Magdalen's, Ber- 
mondsey. Built 1680. Jacobs. 

R. A cypher, " P. S. Co. 1797," in a circle. Dedicated 
to collectors of medals and coins. 

Ob. An ancient building — Bermondsey Priory, Jacobs. 

R. The same as the last. 

Ob. Two keys and T. T. — Bermondsey Spa Gardens. 

R. Two trumpets and a French horn, 1789. Skidmore, 
Holborn, London. 

Ob. J. Keys, Bermondsey Spa Gardens. 

R. The same as the last. 

Ob. Two keys and T. T. — Bermondsey Spa Gardens. 

R. T. Keys, Bermondsey Spa Gardens, 1796. 



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POOR LAWS, &c. 

31st George II, A. D. 1757. Under an Act of 
Parliament of this date the affairs of the parish, as 
regarding the management of the poor, were placed 
in a certain number of inhabitants, chosen in 
Vestry, and called Governors and Directors, and 
which continued until the passing of the Poor 
Law Amendment Act, of 4th and 5th William IV, 
cap. 76 (1834), when the poor were placed under 
a Board of Guardians, consisting of eighteen 
inhabitants, and which still continues. A spacious 
and commodious workhouse, situate in Russel 
Street, on the ground originally in Fife-foot Lane, 
was erected in the year 1791. The average num- 
ber of poor, at present in the workhouse, is 472 — 
all adults. There are, in addition, upwards of 
200 children at Merton, in Surrey. 

PAVING AND LIGHTING ACTS. 

The paving and lighting are managed by several 
Boards of Commissioners, having the care of dis- 
tricts, of which parts of the parish have, from time 
to time (as they became populous), been taken as 
portions. Thus Bermondsey Street, and several 
of the streets issuing out of it, are parts of the 
East Division of Southwark, as regards lighting, 
paving, and improving. Long Lane forms a sepe- 
rate district, under another Act of Parliament, for 
paving and lighting. The waterside division of 
the parish has also a separate Act of Parliament 



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for their purposes. The Orange Road, and parts 
adjacent, has also a separate Act for lighting and 
cleansing. And the Bermondsey New Road forms 
part of the Kent Road Trust for these purposes. 

In 22nd George U, A. D. 1749, an Act of Parlia- 
ment was passed for the recovery of debts not 
exceeding the value of 40s., within the several 
parishes in the borough of Southwark, and the 
parishes of St. Saviour, Newington, Bermondsey, 
Christchurch, Lambeth, and Rotheiiiithe, in the 
county of Surrey, whereby it was provided that, 
out of the most substantial and discreet persons 
residing in their respective parishes, 132 Commis- 
sioners should be annually elected on the Tuesday 
after Easter, in the several Vestries, (viz. for St. 
Olave's 12,— St. John's 12,— St. George's 12,— St 
Thomas's 6.— St. Saviour's 18,— St. Mary, New- 
ington 12, — Bermondsey 18, — Christchurch 6, — 
Lambeth 18, — and Rotherhithe 18,) who shall be 
constituted a court of justice by the name of the 
Court of Requests for the town and borough of 
Southwark ; and that any three or more of them 
should hold a Court on Tuesday and Friday in 
every week, for the purpose of this act, and be 
empowered to give judgment with costs, as shall 
seem to them just in law and equity. 



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FENDALL ESTATE. 

In the year 1739 Richard Fendall, of this parish, 
devised his estate, near the Grange, in favour of 
his son Richard, his two daughters, Elizabeth and 
Ann, and a sister, and the descendants of the sur- 
vivor His son Richard died without issue, in 
the vicinity of Long Lane, in the year 1753. The 
whole estate subsequently passed to the daughter 
Elizabeth (who died in 1795) by survivorship, and 
one of whose two children afterwards became the 
wife of George Choumert, Esq. This gentleman 
afterwards purchased the share of his wife's sister, 
and thereby became interested in the intirety; the 
wife's moiety also, by arrangements with her, 
became his. He then laid out the estate for build- 
ing purposes; and at his death, in 1831, it was 
estimated to produce a rental of £6000 per annum. 
Mr. Choumert had sold several parts of the estate 
in his life time, and, at his death, the remainder 
was sold by auction in one hundred and twenty- 
three lots to some sixty or seventy purchasers. 

In January, 1 839, (a century after the death of 
the elder Richard Fendall) a claimant to the estate 
appeared in the person of George Fendall, of Oxford 
Street, by his serving an ejectment upon William 
Wentworth, the occupier of a house in Great 
George Street, as tenant to the executors of the 
late Mr. James Brookman, who held the property 
under Mr. Barren, the freeholder. Upon this a 
meeting was held, and a committee formed, con- 



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113 ' 

sisting of the proprietors of the estate and owners 
of the property, who decided to assist the defen- 
dants in resisting this attempt to deprive them of 
their property. The costs of the defence have 
since been taxed at £291, which has been paid 
by the plaintiff, George Fendall 

The above George Choumert, Esq. formed 
George Street, beginning at the east end of Abbey 
Street, and running eastward to the Neckinger, at 
which end he placed a toll-gate, and erected a 
bridge over the water-course which leads to the 
waterside division of the parish. 

The toll-gate was thrown open to the public on 
Saturday, May 21st, 1836, at five o'clock in the 
evening, the right of the toll having been bought 
up; and the authorities of the parish attended on 
the occasion with official forms and ceremonies. 
The removal of which has been, and will be, a 
great advantage to the public, not only by the 
road being now a public instead of a private way, 
and therefore properly attended to in the repairs, 
but the remission of a considerable tax on foot 
passengers and carts, very prejudicial to the 
trading communication of the vicinity. 

POPULATION. 

This parish owes its origin principally to the 
establishment of the Monastery here, although, as 
before noticed,^ there were a great many inhabited 
houses at the time of the Conqueror's Survey. A 

* See page 3. 
I 



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114 

gradual accamulation of buildings had formed 
an extensive village in the reign of Edward the 
Third.' The ravages of the plague appear to 
have been greater here^ than at Lambeth, although 
the latter parish was more populous. In 1625 it 
w^as most fatal, the number of deaths being 1,117; 
twenty bodies were frequently interred in one 
night. In 1636 there died 203 persons of this 
distemper ; and in 1655 the number cut off was 
263. 

The burials have uniformly exceeded the bap- 
tisms in a considerable proportion, which may be 
accounted for from the great number of Dissenters 
and Roman Catholics in this parish, many of 
whom are interred here. Notwithstanding the 
extreme populousness of the parish, Mr. Mason (a 
former Rector of this parish) has inserted with 
great accuracy the date of the birth of each child, 
as well as of its baptism, the profession of its 
parents, and the place of their abode. In the 
register of the burials the age of the parties is 
inserted. 

Ayen^ of Ayeraffe of 
Date. Baptisms. Buruds. 

1549 to 1558 32 57 

1580 to 1589 74 85 

1680 to 1689 ..* 334 481 

1780 to 1789 •.,. 418 498 

1780 to 1784 399 488 

1784 to 1789 436 509 

1790 450 417 

1791 474 511 

' Lewis's Topographical Dictionary. • Lyson. 



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In 1739 Bermondsey contained 2J11 houses, 
and in 1792 the number was 3,100. 

Comparative amownJt of the population of this parish, from 
the returns made to Parliament iu the following years, 
viz.: — 

1811. 1821. 18dl. 

Inhabited houses 3365 4278 4918 

Number of famiUes occupying ..5183 6715 7608 

Houses building 54 51 49 

Uninhabited houses 86 362 421 

Families employed in agriculture 77 123 131 

Ditto in trade 4085 5354 6060 

Other families • 1021 1238 1417 

Males 8386 12125 14389 

Females 10694 13110 15352 

Total 19530 25235 29741 



THB END. 



J. Unwin, Printer, 81, Bucklersbnry, London. 



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1 



JOHN SP ANTON, 
4, Castle Street, Holb«rn. 




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